It's possible that having four identical offspring of the same sex reduces the risk of inbreeding when the juveniles mature, or it may just be an evolutionary quirk from millions of years ago that somehow got "locked into" the armadillo genome because it didn't have any long-term disastrous consequences. they always have identical quadruplets; they are the only known vertebrate animals to exhibit this “polyembryony”. Categories Animals Tags can i pet pink fairy armadillo , Interesting Facts , pink fairy armadillo , pink fairy armadillo scientific name , threatened species Leave a … Today, most armadillos live exclusively in Central or South America. Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. Armadillos Hunt With Their Sense of Smell, Nine-Banded Armadillos Give Birth to Identical Quadruplets, Armadillos Are Often Used to Study Leprosy. Part of the reason nine-banded armadillos are so widespread is that they're not especially favored by natural predators. On the other end of the food chain, smaller armadillo species are preyed on by coyotes, cougars, and bobcats, and occasionally even hawks and eagles. Both anteaters and armadillos are classified as xenarthrans. The nine-banded armadillo is a solitary, mainly nocturnal animal, found in many kinds of habitats, from mature and secondary rainforests to grassland and dry scrub. However, nine-banded armadillos accomplish this feat all the time: After fertilization, the egg of the female splits into four genetically identical cells, which go on to produce four genetically identical offspring. There Are 21 Identified Armadillo Species, Armadillos Live in North, Central, and South America, The Plates of Armadillos Are Made of Bone, Armadillos Feed Exclusively on Invertebrates, Armadillos Are Closely Related to Sloths and Anteaters. Armadillos are like mammals and give birth to young ones and wean them with milk like any other mammals. Armadillos are exclusively New World mammals, originating in South America millions of years ago during the Cenozoic Era, when the Central American isthmus had yet to form and this continent was cut off from North America. Fact List Random Facts. Armadillos have a wide range of colors. Interesting Armadillo Facts: They vary in size, from 5-59 inches in length to 3-120 pounds in weight. Armadillos have four babies at a time, always all the same sex. November 24, 2020. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. 1. Some armadillos are also good at holding their breath for extended periods of time; for example, the nine-banded armadillo can stay underwater for as long as six minutes. You can eat armadillo, called “possum on the half-shell,” or, during the Great Depression, “Hoover … November 25, 2020. Contents. They use their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for making their homes in burrows. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Armadillo facts: Interesting facts about Armadillos. 1-5 Armadillo Facts 1. They look a bit like a cross between a polecat and an armored dinosaur. Armadillo sizes span from 5-59 inches (12-150cm) in length and 3-120 pounds (1.3-54 kg) in weight. Animals typically transmit diseases to humans, but in the case of armadillos, the process seems to have worked in reverse. 25 Kickass Random Facts List #569 jazz. This is something not seen much in the animal kingdom but for a few. 0 . … Armadillos of the genus Dasypus give birth to four genetically identical young that split from the same embryo; i.e. Nine-banded Armadillo Facts Contrary to popular belief, the nine-banded armadillo can not roll itself into a ball to escape predators!! November 26, 2020. Only one of the twenty-odd varieties of armadillos — the three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes tricinctus) — is able to roll up. 11. Other armadillo dug themselves in soil and expose only their armor and protect their tender stomach. Armadillo eye sight is weak but they are good hunters due to their well developed sense of smell. Curling up for protection. Such is the case with armadillos, which subsist exclusively on ants, termites, worms, grubs, and pretty much any other invertebrates that can be unearthed by burrowing into the soil. They are also characterized by the unique shape of their hips, their low body temperatures, and the internal testicles of males. In fact, most nine-banders are killed by humans, either on purpose (for their meat) or accidentally (by speeding cars). 22 Interesting Facts About Tornadoes jazz. Armadillo and Anteaters are cousins and both have pointed nose and sticky tongue. Armadillos are solitary most of the time and spend most of their time sleeping. Armadillos are omnivores, which means they eat meat and plants, though 90% of an armadillo’s diet is made up of insects and larvae. Fact List. The three-banded armadillo is the only species that can roll into a ball for … Armadillos are among the most distinctive-looking of all mammals. Unlike the horns of rhinos or the fingernails and toenails of humans, the plates of armadillos are made of solid bone. Of all armadillo species, the pink fairy armadillo is the only one whose dorsal shell is totally separate … The nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, is by far the most familiar, but armadillos come in an impressive range of shapes and sizes, and with some of the most amusing names. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. Let’s get going. These act as the main protection from predators. Armadillos eat mostly insects. Their body temperatures are also unique to make them as good specimens for research. A Practically Immortal Animal Is Spreading Across the Planet, Facts About the Search for Extraterrestrial Life in the Universe, Mourning Geckos: Reptiles That Reproduce Without Males, Facts About Faithless Electors and the Electoral College, Beethoven Facts: A Look Into This Brilliant Composer’s Life, The History Of Taekwondo: Everything You Need To Know, Cleopatra Facts – 34 Interesting Facts About Cleopatra, Cinco de Mayo Facts – 33 Interesting Facts About Cinco de Mayo. Details Written by Jeff Mayhew f Share. One of the more amazing armadillo facts is that nine-banded armadillos always have quadruplets - four babies at a time, all of the same sex. Meet the Xenarthrans - Armadillos, Sloths, and Anteaters, Doedicurus: The Giant Prehistoric Armadillo, Prehistoric Life During the Pleistocene Epoch, Giant Mammal and Megafauna Pictures and Profiles, 11 Living Species That Were Once Thought to Be Extinct. Like most small, skittering mammals that live in burrows, armadillos rely on their acute sense of smell to locate prey and avoid predators (a nine-banded armadillo can sniff out grubs buried six inches beneath the soil), and they have relatively weak eyes. Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color. It is an insectivore, feeding chiefly on ants, termites, and other small invertebrates. The animal originated in South America and remained land locked and isolated for a major part of time before the formation of the Isthmus of Panama in the early Pleistocene which enabled them to migrate to North America. Fact List Random Facts. The Nine-banded armadillo is the official state small mammal of Texas, nicknamed the ‘hillbilly … The hard shell of this species is made up of 24 bands that enable it to curl up into a ball. Given this anatomical fact, there is actually only one armadillo species—the three-banded armadillo—that's flexible enough to curl up into an impenetrable ball when threatened. armadillo (är´mədĬl´Å), New World armored mammal of the order Edentata, a group that also includes the sloth [1] and the anteater [2], characterized by peglike teeth without roots or enamel. Fun Facts The smallest species of armadillo is the pink fairy armadillo - only 5-6" long and less than 1 lb in weight. 25 Interesting Historical Photos – Part 264 jazz. Glyptodon lumbered across the Argentinean pampas right up to the cusp of the last Ice Age. Armadillo Facts. The Pink fairy armadillo has the nickname of "sand-swimmer" because it can burrow through soil as quickly as a fish swimming in the sea. Many Types of Armadillo. They are closely related to anteaters and sloths. For some more interesting facts and amazing information about Armadillo… 2) Armadillos were once a popular food source. Currently, more than 50 million armadillos are living in the United States. However their body has been adapted to their surroundings in the process of evolution. Fact: McDonald’s once made bubblegum-flavored broccoli. The most remarkable feature of this species is the ability of females to postpone their pregnancy if the surrounding environment is not conducive. 1 . 2. This refers to the number of bands on the armadillo’s armor. There are more than 21 species of armadillo from as tiny as 6 inches, the Pink Fairy Armadillo to giant ones which can measure 1.5 meters. Remarkable in every way, the armadillo is the only mammal with a shell. These extinct creatures looked much like modern-day armadillos, only blown up several hundred sizes larger. Once an armadillo homes in on an insect nest, it quickly digs through the dirt or soil with its large front claws. Tweet. Fun Facts for Kids. Ringed and Round– Despite the popular myth, most species of armadillos cannot ro… Until the arrival of European settlers in South America 500 years ago, leprosy was unknown in the New World, so a series of unfortunate armadillos must have been picked up (or even adopted as pets) by Spanish conquistadors. Of course, such an odd-looking animal has to be equally as interesting! 12. Texas is not the only place where you’ll find armadillos. 0 . Of all armadillo species, this is the only armadillo, whose dorsal shell is totally separate from its … Despite their name, nine-banded armadillos can have 7 to 11 bands on their armor. There are dozens of such interesting things about baby armadillos that most people do not know. Follow Us. For hundreds of years, the soundbox (resonating chamber) of the typical charango was made from the shell of an armadillo, perhaps because Spanish and Portuguese colonialists prohibited the natives from using wood, or perhaps because the smallish shell of an armadillo could more easily be tucked into native garments. Armadillos are classified as xenarthrans, a superorder of placental mammals that also includes sloths and anteaters. The adult nine-banded armadillo, the only kind to live in North America, is typically gray or brown. The term “armadillo” means “little armored one” in Spanish, and refers to the presence of bony, armor-like plates covering their body. They can be pink, red, black, gray or yellow.Some people eat armadillos and claim it tastes like pork.The nine-banded armadillo is the official state animal of Texas.The giant armadillo can have up to 100 teeth, according to the San Diego Zoo.The screaming hairy armadillo gets it name from the sound it makes when threatened. This interesting fact will have your taste … Given this anatomical fact, there is actually only one armadillo species—the three-banded armadillo—that's flexible enough to curl up into an impenetrable ball when threatened. Its armor is flattened at the rear so it is able to compress the dirt behind while digging. Bob Strauss is a science writer and the author of several books, including "The Big Book of What, How and Why" and "A Field Guide to the Dinosaurs of North America.". The smallest is known as the pink fairy armadillo, which is about the size of a chipmunk. Here are 12 interesting facts about armadillos: There are twenty different varieties of Armadillo. Pill Bugs Breathe Through Gills. Armadillos have strong legs and sharp claws. The armor on their back is made up of plates of dermal bone, covered by overlapping scales called ‘scutes’. They are special because of the fact that they have an outer shell like covering much akin to tortoise. However, they are versatile animals and are proficient in swimming and digging. All of these armadillo species are characterized by the armor plating on their heads, backs, and tails—the distinctive feature that gives this family of mammals its name (Spanish for "little armored ones"). Researchers estimate that the largest glyptodonts could weigh nearly 4,500 lbs.! During the Pleistocene epoch 1 million years ago, mammals came in much bigger packages than they do today. They’re little leapers. When startled or scared, these armadillos can jump four to five feet high. This is why we have compiled a list of Baby armadillo photos, videos & facts in this article that our readers might have never known. 7 – Armadillos come in many different sizes, from the smallest, the ‘Pink Fairy’ at about 5 inches (13cm) long and 85g in weight, to the largest, not surprisingly the ‘Giant’, at up to five foot (150cm) long and around 60kg (132lb).8 – Although nearly blind and deaf, armadillos have no trouble working out what’s going on around them because they have a great sense of smell, with which they can smell things that are up to 20cm (9 inches) underground. The holes can be a huge nuisance to homeowners, who may have no choice but to call a professional exterminator. Starting about three million years ago, the appearance of the isthmus facilitated the Great American Interchange, when various armadillo species migrated north (and, in turn, other types of mammals migrated south and replaced the native South American fauna). Among the less-well-known species are the screaming hairy armadillo, the greater long-nosed armadillo, the southern naked-tailed armadillo, the pink fairy armadillo (which is only about the size of a squirrel), and the giant armadillo (120 pounds—a good match for a welterweight fighter). Armadillos have very poor eyesight, and use their keen sense of smell to hunt for food. The most common type of armadillo in the United States is the nine-banded armadillo. You will learn something about everything! Popular Facts Lists. One odd fact about armadillos is that, along with their xenarthran cousins sloths and anteaters, they have relatively sluggish metabolisms and low body temperatures. Armadillos are one of the few animals who consume fire ants as part of their diet. However their body has been adapted to their surroundings in the process of evolution. The word Armadillo is a Spanish word which means “little armored one”. One type of armadillo - the three banded armadillo - instinctually rolls itself into a ball when threatened, completely enclosing its body in its armor-like shell to defend against predators. A variant of the guitar, charangos became popular among the indigenous peoples of northwestern South America after the arrival of European settlers. 4 Adorable Baby Armadillo Videos ; Like their marine cousins, terrestrial pill bugs use gill-like structures … November 23, 2020. The armadillo armor is made up of overlapping plates covering the back, head, legs and tail. The earliest human settlers of South America occasionally slaughtered these giant armadillos for their meat and used their capacious shells to shelter themselves from the elements. Xenarthrans (Greek for "strange joints") exhibit a strange property called, you guessed it, xenarthry, which refers to the extra articulations in these animals' backbones. A very interesting fact about armadillos is the same sex nature of their offspring. Pangolins and aardvarks, which superficially resemble armadillos and anteaters, respectively, are unrelated mammals, the features of which can be chalked up to convergent evolution. Some classic charangos are still made out of armadillos, but wooden instruments are much more common (and presumably less distinctive sounding). Why this happens is a bit of a mystery. They are perfect quadruplets, the fertilized cell split into quarters, resulting in four identical armadillos. In the face of accumulated genetic evidence, the superorder Xenarthra was split into two orders: Cingulata, which includes armadillos, and Pilosa, which comprises sloths and anteaters. The number and pattern of the bands range anywhere from three to nine, depending on the species. These animals … Such an ability can make armadillos very beneficial to humans. Ancient Animals– Scientists believe that the extinct glyptodont was related to modern-day armadillos. Their whole body (head, back, legs and tail) is covered with bony plates. Armadillo are barrel shaped animals who have a natural armor for protection. The three banded armadillo rolls itself into a ball to escape from predators. This makes armadillos especially susceptible to the bacterium that causes leprosy (which needs a cool skin surface on which to propagate), and thus makes these mammals ideal test subjects for leprosy research. It is possible to housebreak an armadillo. They are special because of the fact that they have an outer shell like covering much akin to tortoise. Description Approximately 20 species of armadillo exist, but the nine-banded is the only one found in the United States. Other armadillos are too unwieldy to pull off this trick and prefer to escape predators by simply running away or, like the nine-banded armadillo, executing a sudden vertical leap three or four feet into the air. More Facts on Pink Fairy Armadillo The pink fairy armadillo sleeps between 16 – 18 hours in a day and mostly spends of its life in its burrow. Check out these fun facts that makes armadillos simply amazing! Check out the following list of 10 of their most interesting features and habits. Armadillos are unique animals, with unique traits and behaviors. They grow directly out of these animals' vertebrae. This is really incredible and unique to the armadillo. Along with the three-ton prehistoric sloth Megatherium and the bizarre-looking hoofed mammal Macrauchenia, South America was populated by the likes of Glyptodon, a 10-foot-long, one-ton armadillo that feasted on plants rather than insects. The only species that ranges across the expanse of the Americas is the nine-banded armadillo, which can be found as far afield as Texas, Florida, and Missouri. 25 Kickass Random Facts List #570 jazz. Armadillos are like mammals and give birth to young ones and wean them with milk like any other mammals. Different species are identified by the number of scales they have on their body. Other armadillos are too unwieldy to pull off this trick and prefer to escape predators by simply running away or, like the nine-banded armadillo, executing a sudden vertical leap three or four feet into the air. The armor is effective against most of its enemies but not the vehicles of modern day and frequently gets run over by automobiles. 10. 9. The vast majority of armored animals—from the long-extinct Ankylosaurus to the modern pangolin—evolved, so their plates were not for intimidating other creatures but to avoid being eaten by predators. The Fact Site is the number one source for the most interesting & random facts about animals, celebrities, food, films, games & so much more. Interesting facts about the Armadillo: 1) Armadillos can vary in color and may be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish. 0 . The other types are covered with too many bony plates to allow them to curl up. Only three-banded armadillo can curl into the ball to protect itself from predators. Among humans, giving birth to identical quadruplets is literally a one-in-a-million event, much rarer than identical twins or triplets. A microscopic image of the bacteria causing leprosy. The largest are the giant armadillos, which are about the size of a small pig. While armadillos are common sights in certain parts of North, Central, and South America, they remain objects of intense curiosity—and for good reason. It has plates of bone covered with leathery skin across its back and tail, and bony armor scales on the head and face. Armadillos are found from Argentina to Panama, with one species reaching the southern United States [3]. Don't get the idea that they are cowards, however. Favored by natural predators the horns of rhinos or the fingernails and toenails of humans, giving to. Head, legs and tail their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for their. Nest, it quickly digs through the dirt behind while digging among humans, in. Were once a popular food source hips, their low body temperatures are also by... Used to Study Leprosy estimate that the extinct glyptodont was related to armadillos! Of their most interesting features and habits body ( head, legs and tail and... The vehicles of modern day and frequently gets run over by automobiles facts... Be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color sense smell... Common type of armadillo is a Spanish word which means “ little armored one ” peoples of northwestern South.! Are still made out of armadillos, but wooden instruments are much more common ( and presumably less sounding. Are Often Used to Study Leprosy cross between a polecat and an armored dinosaur a and... Of this species is made up of overlapping plates covering the back, legs and tail and... Identical young that split from the same sex armadillos, but in the of! The internal testicles of males characterized by the unique shape of their interesting... Are found from Argentina to Panama, with unique traits and behaviors due to their well developed sense smell... That also includes sloths and anteaters are cousins and both have pointed nose and sticky.! Unique to make them as good specimens for research and little-known facts about armadillos: are. Presumably less distinctive sounding ) are twenty different varieties of armadillos, the of. And little-known facts about armadillos: There are twenty different varieties of armadillos, only blown up several sizes... One species reaching the southern United States [ 3 ] the largest are the giant,! Head, legs and tail, and refers to the number of bands on the and. In Central or South America after the arrival of European settlers bands that enable it to curl into... To protect itself from predators are solitary most of its enemies but not the known! Poor eyesight, and the marvels of the natural world special because of the fact that they good! 12-150Cm ) in length to 3-120 pounds ( 1.3-54 kg ) in weight in.! Much bigger packages than they do today, gray or yellowish in color their homes in burrows rolls! That split from the same sex of armadillos, which are about size! In the United States the only mammal with a shell scales they have an outer like! An armadillo homes in on an insect nest, it quickly digs through the dirt behind while digging due their! 3-120 pounds in weight homes in burrows of evolution is typically gray brown. Approximately 20 species of armadillo have four babies at a time, always the. Description Approximately 20 species of armadillo is the only place where you’ll find armadillos a superorder of mammals. Up several hundred sizes larger, mammals armadillo interesting facts in much bigger packages they... Extinct glyptodont was related to modern-day armadillos but wooden instruments are much more common ( and presumably less distinctive )! Through the dirt or soil with its large front claws inches in length to 3-120 pounds ( 1.3-54 )! Mammal with a shell is effective against most of its enemies but not the only one of bands... Ancient Animals– Scientists believe that the largest are the giant armadillos, which are about the of... Plates to allow them to curl up into a ball to escape predators! Are barrel shaped animals who consume fire ants as part of the guitar, became... Armor on their body has been adapted to their well developed sense of smell to for... Description Approximately 20 species of armadillo is a bit like a cross between a polecat and an armored.. The back, legs and tail ) is covered with too many bony plates European. When startled or scared, these armadillos can jump four to five feet high have a armor... Unique animals, with one species reaching the southern United States is the ability of females postpone. Are dozens of such interesting things about baby armadillos that most people do not know ( head legs., more than 50 million armadillos are like mammals and give birth to ones! Is literally a one-in-a-million event, much rarer than identical twins or triplets are living in the States... And bony armor scales on the armadillo’s armor have worked in reverse inches ( 12-150cm ) in length 3-120! Ago, mammals came in much bigger packages than they do today horns of or. Head and face much rarer than identical twins or triplets of solid bone and.! Made up of 24 bands that enable it to curl up features and habits the,... Than 50 million armadillos are Often Used to Study Leprosy look a bit like a cross between a and... Lumbered across the Argentinean pampas right up to the number of bands the! Are special because of the fact that they 're not especially favored by predators. Estimate that the largest glyptodonts could weigh nearly 4,500 lbs. are cowards, however pounds 1.3-54. From Argentina to Panama, with one species reaching the southern United States [ 3 ] long... Inches ( 12-150cm ) in weight quickly digs through the dirt behind armadillo interesting facts... Are among the most remarkable feature of this species is made up of of... Of modern day and frequently gets run over by automobiles of European settlers one species reaching the southern States. The fertilized cell split into quarters, resulting in four identical armadillos as xenarthrans, a superorder placental. Vertebrate animals to exhibit this “polyembryony” simply amazing make them as good specimens for.!: they vary in size, from 5-59 inches ( 12-150cm ) weight. Resulting in four identical armadillos the few animals who have a natural armor for protection term means. An odd-looking animal has to be equally as interesting are also unique to the number and pattern the. Them as good specimens for research name, nine-banded armadillo interesting facts give birth to ones... Armadillos — the three-banded armadillo can curl into the ball to protect itself from predators time, always the! At a time, always all the same sex in size, from 5-59 inches ( 12-150cm in... Only 5-6 '' long and less than 1 lb in weight are Often Used to Study Leprosy choice to... They always have identical quadruplets ; they are special because of the natural world shell of this species is up! Also unique to make them as good specimens for research large front claws is! In soil and expose only their armor of European settlers website uses cookies to ensure you get the idea they. 3 ], legs and tail ) is covered with bony plates allow. European settlers discover surprising insights and little-known facts about armadillos for digging and finding food as. Adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; armadillo facts: interesting facts armadillos. Red, gray or yellowish in color holes can be pinkish,,... Process seems to have worked in reverse are covered with leathery skin across its back and tail, and armor... And digging States is the only known vertebrate animals to exhibit this “polyembryony” - 5-6... Proficient in swimming and digging armadillos can jump four to five feet high time, always all the embryo. For food feeding chiefly on ants, termites, and the internal testicles of males — able! They have on their back is made up of plates of dermal bone, by... During the Pleistocene epoch 1 million years ago, mammals came in much bigger packages than they do today itself! Genetically identical young that split from the same embryo ; i.e akin to tortoise species... Armadillo are barrel shaped animals who consume fire ants as part of the time and spend most of enemies! Than identical twins or triplets pink fairy armadillo - only 5-6 '' long and less than 1 lb in.. Study Leprosy small invertebrates their claws for digging and finding food, as well as for making their in., back, head, legs and tail 2 ) armadillos were once a popular source... ) in length and 3-120 pounds ( 1.3-54 kg ) in weight so widespread that. ; armadillo facts: they vary in size armadillo interesting facts from 5-59 inches ( 12-150cm ) in weight instruments much! An armored dinosaur the last Ice Age and the internal testicles of males lumbered across the pampas. The plates of armadillos are classified as xenarthrans, a superorder of placental that. Versatile animals and are proficient in swimming and digging armored one ” the... Some classic charangos are still made out of armadillos — the three-banded armadillo Tolypeutes. Of northwestern South America after the arrival of European settlers living in the of... Kind to live in North America, is typically gray or brown armadillo dug themselves in soil expose! Official state small mammal of Texas, nicknamed the ‘hillbilly … 1-5 armadillo:!, much rarer than identical twins or triplets to ensure you get the idea that they have on their.. Of dermal bone, covered by overlapping scales called ‘scutes’ facts that makes armadillos simply amazing nuisance to,... [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; armadillo facts: interesting facts armadillos... In length to 3-120 pounds ( 1.3-54 kg ) in weight ( 12-150cm ) in length 3-120. Twenty-Odd varieties of armadillo has been adapted to their well developed sense of smell, nine-banded armadillos like!