They have white or pink flowers in the spring that turn to berries that attract birds. The first summer after planting is the most critical time for a newly planted hedge, it really is essential that new hedges have enough water, light and … I dug (and improved) a planting trench about 2' wide along the length to be planted. ... Pruning. This will allow light to reach the lower branches. Blackthorn, also called sloe bush, is part of the large Prunus family, like the apricot tree, plum tree, almond tree, peach tree and cherry tree.It actually can be used as a graft-holder for apricot trees, plum trees and peach trees.. To begin hawthorn pruning, cut any broken or dead branches close to the branch collar, which is at the base of each branch. The best time for major branch pruning is before the leaves come in, as the intricate structure of the branches may be clearly viewed. Hawthorn (Crataegus) is synonymous with late spring, when its white and pink blossoms mark the changing season.We have two native hawthorns in the UK – Crataegus monogyna and Crataegus laevigata.Both grow individually as a small tree and are also used in hedging, either on their own or in a mix with other native hedgerow plants. Over-pruning can compromise the health of the plant over the long term. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If your tree is a 1-year tree (and is not being trained as a "standard") you must also prune the leading stem (if there is one) back to about 1m / 36-40". It is normal to plant a double row with 4 plants to the metre. Care for your Quickthorn Hedging Repeat the procedure the next spring, cutting the new growth back by half. Each flower produces a seed, and from the seed, shiny red berries hang in clusters from the tree. Pruning during the winter months will encourage new flower production for the following spring. in diameter. Formative pruning: In winter, just after planting, and for the first two years after planting ; Maintenance pruning: Each summer diameter, loppers for cutting branches up to an inch (2.5 cm.) Pruning is rarely necessary. These trees should be pruned in early spring, before the sap starts to flow (March). Hawthorn shrubs grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11 and are tolerant of salt spray. I then used whips planted quite densely (about 5 plants per metre) in a zig zag pattern so the final planting had a width of about 15". She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. You are here: Home » How to Plant a Hedge » Looking after your New Hedge Aftercare. Hardy to USDA zones 7 to 10, the Indian hawthorn requires little care. (B) Initial pruning of bare-root fruit trees with 3 or more side branches ("feathers") The simple rule of thumb for this pruning step is to cut back the main shoots by 1/2 of their length. Should I prune now (May) or do I need to wait? If you prefer a tree, the lower limbs need to be cut to create a single trunk. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/trim-hawthorne-shrubs-42452.html Crataegus laevigata Paul’s Scarlet is a small, rounded tree covered in showy, light red double flowers. Prune your Hawthorn hedges twice each year, once in early summer and once in the fall. If the cut is too far from the bud, the wood above the bud usually dies, causing dead tips on the end of the branches. The best climate for growing hawthorn trees is in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Proper pruning of hawthorn trees requires tools that are of good quality and sharp. Growth Rate for Hawthorn Hedge Plants. With legislation in place concerning the height of evergreen hedges, renovation may be advisable where hedges have got out of hand. Should I prune now (May) or do I need to wait? We have a short 10m long hawthorn hedge to fill a gap in our boundary screening. Trim branches to shape the hedge in the spring after the flowering is done. A fast-growing hedge, Quickthorn plants can grow up to 40 to 60cm per year. Hawthorn – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Aug 31, 2016 - Although serious pruning is not required, you can prune your hawthorn tree to keep it looking neat throughout the season. Their height can be maintained fairly easily from 1-5m with frequent pruning. Hawthorn shrubs are short and gnarly. When a terminal is rem… Renovation may rejuvenate an old hedge. It is a rounded tree with masses of cream flowers, followed by dark red berries in autumn. Slightly taper the hedge if it is in a box shape so the top of the hedge is narrower than the bottom. Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is the most widely used hedge plant in the UK. How To Thicken Hawthorn Hedge. Make all cuts just beyond a lateral twig or bud that faces the direction you want the branch to grow. Many thanks in advance Cut the growth from the previous year, before new spring growth begins to appear. Water in case of prolonged dry spells and/or heat waves, especially during the 2-3 first years after planting. Make the cuts about 1/4 inch above a bud. Fast growing, very thorny native deciduous plant, tolerant of wet soils. If you want to know how to transplant a hawthorn shrub or when to move a hawthorn hedge, read on. Today, the hawthorn is renowned for its sturdy nature and beauty, but also its functionality as a border hedge. The thick leaves are green year-round. The single-styled hawthorn can be planted as a hedge. Sign up for our newsletter. Read on for hawthorn pruning info. How to Prune a Hawthorn Tree. Cut off the tops of each Hawthorn plant to trim them in half. Should you need to do some light pruning, spring is the ideal time. This will not be a neat hedge with clean lines but a virtually impenetrable boundary with a natural appearance. To open a woody plant, prune out some of the center growth and cut back terminals to the buds that point outward. The hawthorn is a favorite among homeowners because its size and shape make it easy to prune as a hedge or use as a natural border. To protect you from the 3-inch (7.6 cm.) It is long, slim and generally as no side branches at all. thorns that protrude from the tree trunk and branches, it is important to wear protective clothing such as long pants, long sleeve shirt, heavy work gloves and protective eye gear. Cut back to healthy wood, or remove the entire branch back to the base. I planted hawthorn whips to creat a hedge all around my garden last spring. in diameter, and a pruning saw for branches over 1 ¼-inch (3.2 cm.) © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. A hawthorn whip may be just a 2ft twig but in a year it will be waist-high and in two it will reach your shoulder. A hawthorn tree is a hardy, fruit bearing, flower growing tree that has been known to live for up to 400 years. For example, you will need hand clippers for cutting small branches up to a ¼-inch (.6 cm.) Harder pruning will have a negative effect on a hawthorn tree and so should be avoided. They require minimal trimming once established. Cut diseased, dead or damaged branches back at any time throughout the year. If you are trimming your hawthorn as a shrub, trim the top branches and leaves if they are growing too high. I planted hawthorn whips to creat a hedge all around my garden last spring. Read this article for hawthorn pruning info should you decide to … Hawthorn Hedge Plants. If a hedge is desired plants can be sheared to a more formal shape. When to prune hedges. Your tree should grow 4 to 6 feet (1.2-1.8 m.) before pruning. Hawthorn grows quickly and needs constant pruning to keep under control. Quickthorn makes an excellent hedge with a long season of interest, or it can be grown as a specimen tree, as it is very hardy and is useful in coastal or exposed positions. Trimming hawthorn trees before they mature can stunt their growth. It has all the virtues you look for in hedging: it is fast growing (hence the other common name, quickthorn), incredibly tough, happy in almost any soil, easy to clip, and so dense that even in winter when it is leafless, a well-grown hawthorn hedge is almost impossible to see through. Hawthorn is very easy to care for, and only requires little attention when it is correctly settled in. The maximum height and spread of a mature and untrimmed hawthorn tree can be up to 8 metres. Without this drastic step but if you cut them 6.5 mm (1/4 inch) above a bud node or swelling, the plant can put out up to five new branches. Pruning can also be done in summer, after the leaves are full size. When the pruning cut is made, the bud or buds nearest to the cut usually produce the new growing point. If you have a hawthorn hedge that needs trimming, June is the best time to do this. Pruning and caring for hawthorn. It has grown well but quite a few are very spindly and top heavy, consequently they are bowing over. NC State University Consumer Horticulture: Pruning Shrubs, Stano Landscaping: Pruning Guidelines and Instructions, Monrovia: Majestic Beauty Indian Hawthorn, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhaphiolepis Indica "Snow White", University of California Cooperative Extension: Indian Hawthorn, Ashridge Nurseries: Hawthorn Hedge Plants - Pruning & Trimming, How to Care for a Rose-of-Sharon Hibiscus in a Pot, How to Care for a Nellie R. Stevens Holly as a Hedge, How to Prune Evergreen Shrubs and Juniper Trees. Proper pruning of hawthorn trees requires tools that are of good quality and sharp. Shear the hedges using hedge cutters to maintain the desired height and shape. Although serious pruning is not required, you can prune your hawthorn tree to keep it looking neat. Heavier pruning the first two years will encourage the shrub to branch out. This severe step is necessary to force the plants to produce lateral shoots and become bushier. It has a 4-foot spread in a mounded shape. The white blossom that decorates Hawthorn hedges in spring gives off a lovely, delicate fragrance and is very popular with bees. This will remove some spring flowers, but in most cases will not effect the fall fruit. You should never prune a hawthorn tree before it is established. A stray or damaged branch that is spoiling the look and shape of the plant can be pruned any time of year. Hawthorn varieties. Looking after your New Hedge. In shortening a branch or twig, cut it back to a side branch and make the cut 1/2 inch above the bud. Hawthorn Hedge Plants - Pruning & Trimming Hawthorn - before planting A young hawthorn plant is called a "whip" for good reason. Hawthorn hedge (Crataegus monogyna) description Hawthorn hedging is a wonderful choice for wildlife interest; it supports over 150 species of insects and is an important source of food for birds. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Pruning to shape is normally done after flowering but if you don't care about the flowering this year you can do a rejuvenation pruning now. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. Its beautiful flowers, sharp thorns and hedge-like qualities have made it popular throughout the ages. You should leave a gap of 50cm between the trees in the same row and 40-45cm between the two parallel rows in a zigzag as shown above. Jill Kokemuller has been writing since 2010, with work published in the "Daily Gate City." The hawthorn is an species of sturdy tree that is widespread throughout the Western world. Cut diagonally right above a bud that faces outward, alternating the buds on the right and left on every other shrub. Many thanks in advance The hawthorn tree requires only light pruning as it tends to form a strong framework naturally. Cut the Hawthorn "whips" or seedlings down by half at planting which will be between November and March. Dark glossy green leaves, clusters of prominent scented white flowers in May followed by small red haws in autumn. You will want to use a pruning saw for the larger branches and loppers and clippers for the smaller branches. Pruning hawthorn isn’t … This would be called a rejuvenation pruning and is normally done in late winter or early spring before any new growth appears. In the spring the Indian hawthorn blooms in white to dark pink flowers that make way for dark berries in the fall. It has grown well but quite a few are very spindly and top heavy, consequently they are bowing over. Hawthorn Hedge Transplanting – How To Transplant A Hawthorn Hedge, What Are Loppers Used For: Tips On Using Garden Loppers For Pruning, Cherry Tree Pruning: How And When To Trim A Cherry Tree, Planting A Giving Garden: Food Bank Garden Ideas, Giving To Food Deserts – How To Donate To Food Deserts, December To-Do List – What To Do In December Gardens, Ideas For A Lean-To Greenhouse – Lean-To Greenhouse Plants And Design, Toddler Gardening Activities: Tips For Toddler Garden Design Ideas, Gardening With School Age Kids: How To Create A Garden For School Agers, Blighted Turf Symptoms: How To Treat Ascochyta Leaf Blight On Lawns, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. You would plant the whips for a hedge in the same way as you would any other whip (see Planting whips above) but the spacing is important. How to prune a hawthorn bush. How to Bonsai - upright #Hawthornbonsaitree tidy up, a bonsai from hedging plant This Bonsai Hawthorne had been neglected for at least two years if not more. The hawthorn flowers twice a year and from the flowers come the fruit. Do not cut flush with the trunk of the tree; doing this will increase the chances of decay in the trunk of the tree. A: Prune the hedge after the spring blooms, removing as much as a third, if needed.Trim each shrub so that its top is narrower than the base. Removal of any cross branches or sprouts from the base of the tree and also the interior of tree helps prevent diseases because it improves circulation throughout the tree. Timing of pruning should take into account the potential for nesting birds (see 'Problems' section below). If you want to clip a solitary hawthorn, this can be done in June too. To protect you from the 3-inch (7.6 cm.) Birds love building nests in the tree. Pruning in June. Pruning should be done when the tree is dormant, during the winter months. These trees love full sun and good drainage. Hawthorn shrubs (Rhaphiolepis indica), sometimes called Indian hawthorn, are compact hedge shrubs that grow 3 to 6 feet tall and equally as wide. Removal of dead, diseased or broken branches will aid in this process while stimulating new growth for flowers and fruit. The sharp thorns protect eggs and hatchlings from predators such as cats. If the cut is too close to the bud, the bud usually dies. Once again, remember that they need to be sharp in order to make clean cuts. Hedges can quickly become overgrown, filling up a border and becoming difficult to maintain. Crataegus laevigata Rosea Flore Pleno is a small, rounded tree with pink double flowers. Cut the shrub back by half when it is planted. Hi Jeanne-Yes, you can cut back or heavily prune the Indian Hawthorn. However in general, these are the optimum timings for pruning hedges: Deciduous hedges. Members of the rose family, these small to medium-size, multitrunked trees are well known for their pretty, typically white flower clusters, which appear after leaf-out in springin fact, the hawthorn blossom is Missouri's state flower. Cut individual growth with pruning shears to even out branch lengths, or cut back all the branches with hedge clippers to maintain an oval or box shape or keep the shrub at a certain height. In this video Best4hedging discuss the numerous benefits of the popular native plant, Hawthorn also known as Craegus Monogyna. Prune back shoots to the first two leaves as necessary. thorns that protrude from the tree trunk and branches, it is important to wear protective clothing such as long pants, long sleeve shirt, heavy work gloves and protective eye gear. Crataegus monogyna is the common hawthorn. 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