When they are also at Church with Cal, the children see her as a different person. As we learn from reading the story, her nickname, Scout, has a lot to say about her personality. When Scout questions Walter's table manners, Calpurnia takes her into the kitchen and proceeds to harshly chastise Scout for her rude comments. When Scout is sad or upset, Calpurnia is known for cheering her up with a little bit of cracklin’ bread or a small treat to brighten her spirits. The little outing proves formative for Scout and Jem. She’s largely responsible for educating Scout and Jem about the ways of the world and what it means to be a good person. Home; TKAM Blog; Chapter Summaries Vocabulary. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. Get free homework help on Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird: book summary, chapter summary and analysis, quotes, essays, and character analysis courtesy of CliffsNotes. That same day, after school, she makes Scout's favorite food, crackling bread. This combination of discipline, logic, and kindness makes Calpurnia the ideal female role model for Scout and Jem. She’s a formidable caretaker who has no problem dealing out justice with the palm of her hand. She makes it clear that guests are to be treated with respect. History. Calpurnia proves to be a truly nurturing person in the Finch children’s life and is the closest thing to a mother that they have. On Scout's first day of school, for example, Calpurnia scolds Scout for criticizing the table manners of Walter Cunningham Jr., whom the children have brought home as a lunch guest. All of the information learned from this lesson on Calpurnia in To Kill a Mockingbird could prepare you to: Copyright 2018 - Book Store WordPress Theme. Calpurnia dresses up the children and shows them off almost as if they were her own. When Scout defends her comments under the pretense that Walter Cunningham is not company, Calpurnia responds: Don’t matter who they are, anybody sets foot in this house’s yo’ comp’ny, and don’t you let me catch you remarkin’ on their ways like you was so high and mighty! The reader gets to know Calpurnia through the eyes of Scout, the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird. She acts as a mother figure to Jem and Scout, as she practically raised them after their mother's death. In the middle of dinner, Walter asks for molasses and proceeds to pour the syrup all over his meat and vegetables. While both children love and respect Calpurnia, as does their father, it is Scout who forms a special bond with the housekeeper. As you can imagine, this does not sit well with Scout! "One of several strong female figures in the lives of the Finch children, Calpurnia is the family's black housekeeper. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Yet she’s subject to discrimination from numerous groups of people. Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird was published in 1960. Characters. How about receiving a customized one? Scout describes Calpurnia as a strict, demanding, and unsentimental “tyrannical presence.”. Calpurnia is responsible for raising two good children, not to mention she is better educated than many white citizens of Maycomb. However, she is so much more to the family. This not only humanizes Calpurnia, but also gives the kids a real connection to the black community, especially during Tom Robinson’s trial. This lesson carries into other aspects of the novel, especially with regard to race in Maycomb. Calpurnia was a Black woman, but she was a mother figure to Atticus' children. Chapter three opens with a scene that shows us just how strong a character our narrator, Scout, is. Would you like to get a custom essay? What does this tell you about how both Calpurnia and Atticud feel about others? The reader gets to know Calpurnia through the eyes of Scout, the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird. According to Scout, Calpurnia, ...was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard. Calpurnia reminds Scout that she is never to make a guest uncomfortable in their home. For example, I treat my close friends with loyalty, respect and kindness because this is how I want them to treat me. In Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, one of the most memorable characters is the Finch family’s black housekeeper, Calpurnia (also known as ‘Cal’). Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Scout learns practical skills from Calpurnia like penmanship and hosting. Get the character summary here. This proverb means to treat others the way one wants to be treated. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance. Calpurnia is the housekeeper and cook for the Finch household in the book To Kill A Mockingbird. His name is Atticus Finch, father of Jem Finch and Scout Finch. A neighbor of the family, Miss Maudie Atkinson, had an aunt who taught Cal how to read from old law books. She came in to help Atticus with Scout and Jem after the death of her mother. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, What does Scout find in the knothole of the tree in the novel, What are some quotes related to Boo Radley that can be found in. The fact that Scout knows that Cal's hand was twice as hard as a bed slat gives readers insight into Scout and Cal's love-hate relationship: She was always ordering me out of the kitchen, asking me why I couldn't behave as well as Jem when she knew he was older, and cal… Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics. Maycomb is old, but in the 1930s it was also tired. Calpurnia is the loyal housekeeper for Atticus Finch. After the death of Atticus’ wife, Calpurnia became a much more important fixture of the Finch household. Literary Terms ... and Calpurnia was one of them. At the beginning of the novel, Scout appears to think of Calpurnia as the wicked stepmother to Scout's own Cinderella. She is one of the many motherly figures in Scout's life, and one of the few who can negotiate between the very separate black and white worlds of Maycomb. Calpurnia, aka Cal, is a smart but stubborn character in To Kill a Mockingbird. Top subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and History. Calpurnia is a flat character who has strong views and is in conflict with society. She wants Calpurnia gone, but Atticus knows how important she is to the family. To Kill a Mockingbird Do unto others as you would have them do to you. This leads to conflict and resentment from Scout. She was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard.” (Pg 6) This is how Jean Louise “Scout” Finch describes Calpurnia, a black woman who serves as the Finch family cook and maid in Harper Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird.” Scout is surprised to hear Calpurnia speak in the same black dialect as the others, because at home, Calpurnia always speaks proper English. The timeline below shows where the character Calpurnia appears in To Kill a Mockingbird. Finally, Atticus Finch influences Scout because he teaches her important life lessons throughout the book. Scout gets through the tough times with the help of her dad Atticus, Atticus gives Scout advice that helps her get through life better by understanding their feelings, or emotions (Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird). She comes off as a gruff character but throughout the novel, a kind hearted, caring character is revealed. Jem, Atticus and Calpurnia have the strongest influence on Scout’s development into the person she is at the end of the novel. She had been with us ever since Jem was born, and I had felt her tyrannical presence as long as I could remember. In 'To Kill A Mockingbird,' Calpurnia takes Jem and Scout to services at the First Purchase Baptist Church. Bluntly, Calpurnia is the Finches' housekeeper. Cal talks this way because she was raised to talk like that amongst friends because that’s how all blacks talked. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Calpurnia is the Finch family's housekeeper and a motherly figure for Scout and Jem. According to Scout, Calpurnia, …was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard. Calpurnia is in charge of cooking, cleaning, and keeping the Finch children in line. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Calpurnia is a key character in To Kill a Mockingbird, she shows the children the true side of coloured people and that they shouldn’t believe everything they hear about her community. She worked for a lawyer, resident of Maycomb. Having rarely been in social relationships with blacks, Scout is surprised at how sincerely nice and cordial the church folk are to her. Also, Scout questions Calpurnia's language use, & realizes that this woman has many sides. How does Calpurnia teach Scout respect in To Kill a Mockingbird? Aunt Alexandra resented the influence that Calpurnia had on the children and asked Atticus to tell Cal she was not needed anymore. Although the majority of parishioners welcome them during their church visit, one woman challenges the white children. She is shown to have a good friendship with Atticus, and he has been shown to trust her with the complete care of his children. From racism to gender roles, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee comments on the prejudices intertwined in the fabric of Southern society in the USA during the 1930s, in the aftermath of the Great Depression. Take a few moments to brainstorm a list of words and phrases you would use to describe Cal. She then makes fun of him for pouring maple syrup on hif food. - Harper Lee, Calpurnia To Kill a Mockingbird, Page 125. as Scout calls it. Without Calpurnia's presence and the familial relationship she has with the family, the race conflict that Scout faces would not be as prominent. At the beginning of Chapter 3, Jem stops Scout from beating up Walter Cunningham Jr. and then invites him over for dinner. Calpurnia is the closest thing to a mother figure the Finch children have, and in spite of her often hard exterior, she is a very nurturing person. To Kill a Mockingbird Calpurnia lectures Scout on manners when scout criticizes Walter's manners and Atticus supports her! Calpurnia is quick to react with a stern word or a smack on the behind when Scout acts out or misbehaves. The fact that Scout knows that Cal’s hand was twice as hard as a bed slat gives readers insight into Scout and Cal’s love-hate relationship: She was always ordering me out of the kitchen, asking me why I couldn’t behave as well as Jem when she knew he was older, and calling me home when I wasn’t ready to come. Like Atticus, Calpurnia is a strict but loving teacher, particularly in regard to Scout, whose enthusiasm sometimes makes her thoughtless. Jem asks Calpurnia why she doesn't speak with proper grammar around black people, and Calpurnia explains that it would be out of place, and that she would look pretentious. She has helped to raise Jem and Scout since their mother's death four years ago. ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ is about a girl called Scout Finch. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The Character Traits of Scout from To Kill a Mockingbird. Calpurnia always won, mainly because Atticus always took her side. sometimes, scout finds it difficult to reconcile the Calpurnia in the house with the public Calpurnia. Finally Atticus has taught her valuable life lessons. Character Analysis Scout (Jean Louise) Finch That the young narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird goes by the nickname "Scout" is very appropriate.In the story, Scout functions as both questioner and observer. Few characters in ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ are as memorable as Calpurnia. Nevertheless, as the reader gets further into the novel, the more apparent it is that Calpurnia does far more than order and boss Scout around. Source(s) To Kill a Mockingbird While everyone in the novel is filtered through Scout's perception, Calpurnia appears for a long time more as Scout's idea of her than as a real person. Scout sees Calpurnia's son, who is the song leader, and for the first time sees Calpurnia as having a life outside the Finch house. Later, Calpurnia is seen as a motherly and nurturing presence for the Finch children. This is best exemplified by her ability to create a connection between Scout and Jem and the black community in Maycomb. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee has displayed that everyone’s surroundings influence their character, personality and ultimately the … Calpurnia is largely responsible for teaching Scout and Jem about what it means to be a good person in the context of the community around them. She is essentially the first black woman the children have ever interacted with, & that experience shapes their ideas of race and equality. Asked by Kirstin S #501507 on 2/12/2016 2:44 AM Last updated by ariel s #801430 on 6/11/2018 8:21 PM Answers 2 Add Yours. Keep that person in mind as you read chapter three of To Kill a Mockingbird, and answer this question: Is the person you know similar to Atticus Finch in any way? Atticus became very angry with his sister and told her that he doesn't know what he would have done without Calpurnia after the children's mother died. Calpurnia’s message is simple: Scout is no better than anyone else. Along with Miss Maudie, Calpurnia is a strong, positive female influence in Jem & Scout's lives. These are just a few words to describe the ever-present Calpurnia, but there is much more to this dynamic character. Cal has spent her life around the Finches and has looked after Scout and Jem since they were babies. That day after school, however, Calpurnia prepares Scout's favorite food, crackling bread, as a special treat.". In To Kill a Mockingbird, what chapter does Calpurnia take Jem and Scout to her church? Calpurnia Cares “Calpurnia was something else again. Scout asks tough questions, certainly questions that aren't "politically correct," but she can ask these questions because she is a child. Calpurnia is the Finch family’s cook, a black woman, and a mother figure to Scout. Log in here. On the one hand, it provides a sense of the town. She came in to help Atticus with Scout and Jem after the death of her mother. Her responsibilities include cooking, cleaning, and keeping the Finch children, Scout and Jem, in line. Scout and Jem love Atticus, but their cook, Calpurnia… Indeed, when Aunt Alexandra comes to stay, she argues with Atticus over Calpurnia's role. Despite Scout is only six, she is attentive and curious like… a scout, let’s say. Calpurnia responds by calling them her guests and saying "it's the same God, ain't it?". Calpurnia’s significance in To Kill a Mockingbird is much greater than just cooking and cleaning for the Finch family. To Kill a Mockingbird. Many quotes from the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" are attributed to the character of Calpurnia. They get a true sense for what Calpurnia’s life is like outside of her job at the Finches’. One of the earliest examples of this is when a schoolmate, Walter Cunningham, joins Scout and Jem for lunch. She is a parallel to Atticus in her lessons of politeness and compassion. Calpurnia is seen as strict and bossy from the eyes of Scout. The reader gets to know Calpurnia through the eyes of Scout, the narrator of To Kill a Mockingbird. Jean Louise “Scout” Finch lives with her father, Atticus, her brother, Jem, and their black cook, Calpurnia, in Maycomb. Calpurnia brings Scout and Jem to church with her one Sunday while Atticus is out of town. Chapter 1. At the same time, Scout treats Calpurnia with more genuine respect and obedience than the female members of her own family, such as her Aunt Alexandra. Think of the most upstanding, moral person you know. She has been with Atticus since before his wife died, and she now serves as a sort of surrogate mother to the children. Source(s) To Kill a Mockingbird Get an answer for 'In Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird, why does Calpurnia scold Scout after making her leave the dinner table on the first day of school?' Having Calpurnia in the household creates a tension for Scout between the affection she feels for Calpurnia and the animosity that her white community feels toward the black community of Maycomb. Calpurnia is educated and intelligent, and has helped to raise the Finch children to be the same. Scout is describing her home early in the novel. To Kill a Mockingbird. This strange juxtaposition is most clearly seen when Calpurnia takes the children to church with her. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. First, Jem always looks out for her. Calpurnia and Scout. After the death of the Finch children's mother, Calpurnia steps into the role of a mother figure to both of them. Second, Calpurnia has taught her how to act like a proper lady. Calpurnia lectures Scout about her rudeness to Walter Cunningham. Chapter 3. Calpurnia also functions as Scout’s, and the reader’s, window into the world of the black citizens of Maycomb. Scout is utterly disgusted and asks Walter what the "sam hill" he is doing. Scout and Jem have a good relationship with her, while Atticus's sister Aunt Alexandra is shown to not like her. Cal is the Finches’ housekeeper and a surrogate mother to Jem and Scout. Jean Louise Finch or simply Scout Finch is a six-year-old daughter of Mr. Atticus Finch, a lawyer living in the small American town. 5 Educator answers eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Sign up now, Latest answer posted January 21, 2010 at 2:35:19 AM, Latest answer posted April 19, 2010 at 9:37:56 PM, Latest answer posted May 18, 2009 at 5:35:23 PM, Latest answer posted December 02, 2015 at 12:32:30 AM, Latest answer posted August 20, 2015 at 3:31:46 AM. Walter becomes extremely embarrassed, and Calpurnia scolds Scout. Calpurnia also has a loving side as well. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Science. Calpurnia moved from the Landing to the town of Maycomb where Atticus Finch got married. As a result, Calpurnia is criticized by both sides. Calpurnia effectively has one foot in two different worlds: the white world of Maycomb with the Finch family and the black world that she lives in after work. Are you a teacher? When the children visit Calpurnia's church with her, they face discrimination and rejection of their own. Calpurnia is a Maycomb County native. Use this CliffsNotes To Kill a Mockingbird Study Guide today to ace your next test! Atticus and the kids consider her a part of the family and treat her as such, a fact that really bothers Atticus’ sister Alexandra. This iconic novel is celebrated even … Scout is appalled by Walter’s table manners and makes a comment to him. What kind of advice would that person give you if you were quick to criticize? Scout had beaten up Walter on the playground at school, so Jem extended him an invitation to come eat. Calpurnia is the loyal housekeeper for Atticus Finch. On Scout's first day of school, Scout brings home Walter Cunningham for lunch. She is intelligent and, by the standards of her time and place, a tomboy. Next, Calpurnia influences Scout because she teaches her how to act “ladylike”. He told Alexandra that Cal was a member of the family and would not be leaving until she was ready to leave. We Will Write a Custom Essay SpecificallyFor You For Only $13.90/page! Calpurnia is a flat character. In the novel an Afro-American is accused of raping a white lady. Calpurnia is the Finch's housekeeper. She contrasts with Aunt Alexandra's harsh discipline and strict gender roles. It is clear that he is innocent but because he is black he is found guilty. One quickly realizes when reading To Kill a Mockingbird that Scout is who she is because of the way Atticus has raised her. She is rubbing Walter Cunningham's nose in the dirt and blaming him for getting her in trouble … He has nurtured her mind, conscience, and individuality without bogging her down in fussy social hypocrisies and notions of propriety. Calpurnia Character Timeline in To Kill a Mockingbird. Already a member? Born and raised near Finch’s Landing, Calpurnia has known the Finch family for her entire life. She lives in America. Calpurnia, known as Cal, is the Finch family’s black housekeeper. Scout takes notice of Walter's odd behavior (pouring mollasses on his food) and verbalizes her shock. c) She does not trust them to behave themselves without Atticus's supervision . Calpurnia being caught in this predicament emphasizes to readers the inherent ridiculousness of racial division. On the other hand, the line also signals to the reader that the narrator is looking back on her memories of an earlier time and a place that may have changed since the events she’s describing. This is similar to the lessons Scout and Jem will learn about treating all people with respect. b) She has been given instructions by Atticus to take them to church. Like other characters in the book, she is of African-American descent. She said it was not good form to have a Black woman like Cal raising his children. This line serves a dual purpose. Scout has a combative streak and a basic faith in the goodness of the people in her community. According to Scout, Calpurnia, …was all angles and bones; she was nearsighted; she squinted; her hand was wide as a bed slat and twice as hard. This helps Scout understand, that even though Cal is different, she’s still a good person. Scout doesn’t give much thought to Calpurnia’s personal life outside her work for Scout’s family, but the reader learns that Calpurnia has a had a difficult and painful life, rarely seeing her own children while she took care of Scout and Jem. Home To Kill a Mockingbird Q & A Why exactly does Calpurnia take ... To Kill a Mockingbird Why exactly does Calpurnia take Jem and Scout to her church? Brings Scout and Jem to church with her, they face discrimination and rejection their. Born and raised near Finch ’ s Landing, Calpurnia prepares Scout 's own.... Scout criticizes Walter 's table manners, Calpurnia is the family 's and... 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And intelligent, and kindness makes Calpurnia the ideal female role model for Scout and Jem for.! Female figures in the lives of the novel `` to Kill a Mockingbird that Scout is appalled by ’. Day of school, so Jem extended him an invitation to come eat as the Finch family s... Her important life lessons throughout the novel `` to Kill a Mockingbird, Page 125. as Scout it. Now serves as a motherly figure for Scout and Jem Law and Politics that is!, who works as the wicked stepmother to Scout seen when Calpurnia takes her into the role a... Of town advice would that person give you if you were quick to react with a that. Difference which religious service they go to but loving teacher, particularly in regard to race in.... At how sincerely nice and cordial the church folk are to her always took her.... Always looks out for her forms a special bond with the public Calpurnia the playground school... Means to treat others the way one wants to be the same by our in-house editorial team to. On manners when Scout criticizes Walter 's odd behavior ( pouring mollasses on his food and. 48-Hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q & a, and has helped to raise the family! `` one of several strong female figures in the book to Kill a Mockingbird Atticus since before his died! To discrimination from numerous groups of people friends with loyalty, respect and kindness makes Calpurnia the ideal role. To treat me along with Miss Maudie Atkinson, had an Aunt who taught how! Model for Scout and Jem, in line but she was not needed anymore the small American town her. She does not believe that it makes a difference which religious service they go to Cal is different, argues! Educator answers eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question gruff character throughout. A list of words and phrases you would use to describe Cal family and would be! Treating all people with respect Jem to church with her, while 's. 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In Jem & Scout 's favorite food, crackling bread your next!. Social relationships with blacks, Scout brings home Walter Cunningham for lunch ahead of and! Moved from the novel an Afro-American is accused of raping a white lady what chapter does Calpurnia teach respect. And rejection of their own, father of Jem Finch and Scout to services at the Finches and has after!