Fallen leaves are used in the treatment of Hepatitis, Acute Liver injury and other Liver related diseases. Wound healing and cardiovascular effects have also been credited to some species. Terminalia superba is widespread in West and Central Africa, from Guinea Bissau east to DR Congo and south to Cabinda (Angola). Terminalia superba is a large tree, up to 50 m tall and 5 m in girth, bole cylindrical, long and straight with large, flat buttresses, 6 m above the soil surface; crown open, generally flattened, consisting of … leaves ranged from 0-14 for Terminalia superba and 5-15 for Triplochiton scleroxylon. • Bolza, E. & Keating, W.G., 1972. When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. afrik. Le présent travail a pour objectif de réaliser une synthèse bibliographique et une analyse des résultats de recherche portant sur la composition phytochimique ainsi que les propriétés biologiques et pharmacologiques de T. superba. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Flies. Growth is rhythmic, resulting in clustered leaves and whorled branches. In natural forest in Cameroon an average density of 0.4–3.5, Young plantations in Côte d’Ivoire and Nigeria have been defoliated by larvae of the moth. Terminalia superba tropical trees, in a natural environment. It has a self-supporting growth form. Terminalia Catappa leave extract is used topically for dermatological use and Rheumatoid disease. As a pioneer species with abundant regeneration and a wide distribution, Clonal breeding is a line of research in the genetic improvement programme for. 474–492. et Diels (Combretaceae) est une plante largement répartie en Afrique. Terminalia superba, le fraké ou limba, est une espèce d’arbre tropical de la famille des Combretaceae. Vessels: 5: wood diffuse-porous; 13: simple perforation plates; 22: intervessel pits alternate; 23: shape of alternate pits polygonal; 26: intervessel pits medium (7–10 μm); 27: intervessel pits large (. Terminalia L. In: Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Soerianegara, I. Terminalia superba is most common in moist semi-deciduous forest, but can also be found in evergreen forest. Other Common Names: Ofram (Ghana), Frake (Ivory Coast), Afara (Nigeria), Akom (Cameroon), Limba (Zaire, Angola). It is found in regions with an annual rainfall of (1000–)1400–3000 (–3500) mm and a dry season up to 4 months, and mean annual temperatures of 23–27°C. The wood, usually traded as ‘limba’, ‘afara’, ‘ofram’ or ‘fraké’, is valued for interior joinery, door posts and panels, mouldings, furniture, office-fittings, crates, matches, and particularly for veneer and plywood. African timbers: the properties, uses and characteristics of 700 species. It also treats Intestinal parasites and Eye problems. ���p9Bo-�nҺ��7�nXܻ�*��Ky7�ƃ�Z��٦�ɗ�]�q�{w�o;U��F�d*�5.�r3ۉ_��=)����b�{�Q�s'ˬ}�p6�,d{7�U��[g������Ր�w�>bc�,t6�㝁���t��䭬|���{7�΢�o���m�g�o^������|�������n��+����o��ȓ� �V���;D���q*��(L�W�����H���R��S�s�R��x��� L��r@�͉�.��l���4QT��� ���k�k�c׽n���4g��y�p�kwm�!�֭cUS�9�r��k����i�=f�j��hCj� �.���bhmt/�KQ� >*w)�d�/��u~��9��0�a��Sw��,e _@C�������Ga�^���v�j�U_�5]��ŝ��q �c5}�e.�V�����ӫ;�N9;��tA���^�L �K��?�}�P��P��ڽl��y��3k'�s�[�%N�Q�Kk.�~F�ѥ���Ö$���g/a��N�.� 'Y30�� 27,�s��{o�c$x@wZl��59�&��v�{ ���j`����qm#�`�|�D���/o5bv�9�d�0���t����f0f���A�%�Lq � Mwalambe (Sw). They float in water and can thus be transported by river. Terminalia superba or commonly known as Shinglewood is a deciduous, fastgrowing, large tree, about 60 m in height, with buttressed, cylindrical trunk and domed or flat crown. It grows up to 60 m tall, with a domed or flat crown, and a trunk typically clear of branches for much of its height, buttressed at the base. Leaves arranged spirally, clustered near ends of branchlets, simple and entire; stipules absent; petiole (1.5–)3–6(–7) cm long, with 2 glands near apex; blade obovate, (4–)6–17(–20) cm × (2.5–)4–10 cm, cuneate at base, short-acuminate at apex, thinly leathery, glabrous, pinnately veined with 4–7 pairs of lateral veins. Growth rings: (1: growth ring boundaries distinct); (2: growth ring boundaries indistinct or absent). Combretaceae. The grain is straight to slightly interlocked, texture moderately coarse. It is suitable for paper making, although the paper is of moderate quality. Older trees often develop boles with brittle heart. Superb Terminalia is a photoautotroph. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Distribution: Widely distributed from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire; occurs in rain and savanna forests. Terminalia superba is classified as a pioneer species and usually regenerates well after forest exploitation. Leaves : Terminalia Catappa leaves are rich in flavonoid content. Limba, white afara, shinglewood, white mukonja, Congo walnut (En). 4: 26, t. 14B (1900). Inflorescence an axillary spike 7–20 cm long, slender; peduncle 1–4 cm long, short-hairy. How Terminalia Chebula is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Terminalia superba is a deciduous tree species that is usually found in the upper storey in deciduous, semideciduous and moist tropical forests, where it occurs naturally. powdered dried leaves (l), stem bark (sb) and root (r) of Terminalia mantaly (Tm) and Terminalia superba (Ts) and 12 derived fractions of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and 4 final residues of selected extracts were assessed for antiplasmodial potential in … It is a deciduous riparian tree and it can grow up to a height of about 20 to 27 meters. Terminalia superba (Superb Terminalia or Limba, Afara (UK), Korina (US) ) is a large tree in the family Combretaceae, native to tropical western Africa.. Terminalia superba Engl. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 77: 19–24. This supports their use in traditional treatment of malaria, further development into an antimalarial phytomedicine and search for antimalarial lead from their secondary metabolites. Please cite this paper as: Ngemenya MN, Abwenzoh GN, Zofou D, Kang TR, Mbah JA. In general, leaves as source and water as extractant gave higher yields than was the case with methanol. Correlative Growth in Young Terminalia superba in a Controlled Environment: Effect of the Leaves on Internode Elongation P. MAILLARD, M. JACQUES and E. MIGINIAC Institut de Physiologie Végétale (Phytotron) C.N.R.S., Gif-sur-Yvette, 91190. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Terminalia Chebula. http://www.cabicompendi m.org/ fc/report.asp?ccode=tem_su, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/ resources/databases/ agroforestree, Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License. 710 pp. Results from Table 1 show that plant extraction yields varied from 7.45 to 35.50% for Terminalia mantaly parts and from 2.27 to 17.18% for Terminalia superba parts. The rotation that is often applied in plantations is 40 years, but under optimum conditions it can be only 20–25 years. Deciduous medium-sized to large tree up to 45(–50) m tall; bole branchless for up to 30(–35) m, usually straight and cylindrical, up to 120(–150) cm in diameter, with large, fairly thick, plank-like buttresses up to 5(–8) m high; bark surface smooth and grey in young trees, but shallowly grooved and with elongated, brownish grey scales, inner bark soft-fibrous, pale yellow; crown storied with branches in whorls, spreading; young twigs rusty-brown short-hairy, branchlets with conspicuous rounded scars from fallen leaves. Limba . In conclusion, this study demonstrates the hypotensive as well as the antihypertensive effects of a crude aqueous extract of the stem bark of Terminalia superba. Deals with: T. superba, T. ivorensis, T. macroptera (heartwood extracts); T. catappa (heartwood extracts and stem bark); T. glaucescens (rootlets, root bark, leaves and fruits); T. laxiflora (leaves, fruits and root bark); and T. avicennioides (root bark). Cette espèce est originaire d' Afrique : Angola, Cameroun, République du Congo, République démocratique du Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinée, Guinée-Bissau, Guinée équatoriale, Libéria, Nigeria et Sierra Leone. Engl., Monogr. Fruit a winged nut, transversely oblong-elliptical in outline, 1.5–2.5 cm × 4–7 cm including the wing, nut c. 1.5 cm × 7 mm, golden brown, glabrous, indehiscent, 1-seeded. Ethno-veterinary medicine: screening of Nigerian medicinal plants for trypanocidal properties. Positions of sampling of leaf samples for the study of nutrient concentrations in the leaves of forest trees {Terminalia superba and Pynanthus angolcnsis) in Southern Bakundu Forest Reserve, Cameroon. Pflanzen-Fam. Elle est beaucoup employée en pharmacopée indigène. pp. �����6��V�����r2POX����]�����PI�����o~:m l�p���پ�>�5 ���@�4<92'QH_G2m���`�"b� ��_8��r��:c�!�V�~΀"Q��;��H�HyQ�`7U�UvbL�. Leaves usually spirally arranged, often crowded at the ends of the branches, sometimes on short shoots, rarely opposite, petiolate or subsessile, usually entire but occasionally subcrenate, often with 2 or more glands at or near the base of the lamina or on the petiole (but not in our area). This study confirms the high antiplasmodial activity and safety of T. catappa and T. superba leaves. It is suitable for light construction, light flooring, ship building, interior trim, vehicle bodies, sporting goods, toys, novelties, musical instruments, food containers, vats, turnery, hardboard, particle board and pulpwood. ��c��[£�`D��iX^;�X}1��QMո����\E��y jGMR�d�䩢�Ы �����Q�p���m� �A�W�����B �Or�tH��D�'�ƫ5�65�p��9,mk��͚��$�V ��q� &����8��&ҷA���>;,(�����������9���Il�ü�5�������`�}��,�A�:�Zgš�bnr���! Yields were dependent upon plant species, parts and solvent of extraction. Individuals can grow to 5.4 m. �WK�[���݊���d�n����>�=��3�ۙ���QΩp�����)Q����jb��aLIXlaYߍ_u�C)$��Z�%�^W�Aζ`5h Gᨘ��Dd�o����o���E���H���6�/P ���A�aӸbr#I�ܚ]wq�0��3� `30����l�PL=H��&,T0v%�[z��R��L�:�$-�Y�����#��PO_���-�⋑�yL8��hP6��k(�Z��qN,����9�6΂�>�J]�����G��)���W]�����U�ˣ!%>|oD���-x`c��8�IY�f�2��-{��k�r�hW�,�o.��J[��XGH�*�fX��a��0�a�Lz��A����w�4���_ѹh�*獹�Ʊ� �Ɨ��u�k݀��θ�4Х~Pd͖mN�#��)�m�b뵥8WRW']- �U>�J����-�W6������"fW�.�a�|7���p͓z�+m5��&d����[[ �Zĵ����6pNT��ҋ�"m��$.�Łj� �����9�6��a�S����q�X����֘l�K��^��L8‹��Z�TAW�3��|�&�v�����L��_x�n�kK�s�WV7��Ze\ʷ'� �j����V�r�sݹg) �� Limbo (Po). Bottom middle, upper and top crown positions are designated by the letters B, M, U, and T respectively. Since Terminalia superba is rich in polyphenols (Momo et al., 2009), this activity can be explained by the polyphenols contain in this plant extract. Terminalia superba: Family: Combretaceae: Afara. A favored plantation species in West Africa. Annual growth rates of 2.5 m in height have been reported for the first 10 years after planting, but in Ghana trees have reached 14 m in height and 22 cm in bole diameter at an age of 4 years. Terminalia superba, the superb terminalia or limba, afara (UK), korina (US), is a large tree in the family Combretaceae, native to tropical western Africa. Terminalia superba is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 40 m (131ft) at a fast rate. It grows up to 60 m tall, with a domed or flat crown, and a trunk typically clear of branches for much of its height, buttressed at the base. The aqueous extract of Terminalia superba leaves was subjected to phytochemical screening. • Adewunmi, C.O., Agbedahunsi, J.M., Adebajo, A.C., Aladesanmi, A.J., Murphy, N. & Wando, J., 2001. It has simple, broad leaves. Annales des sciences forestières, INRA/EDP Sciences, 1992, 49 (4), pp.389-402. E and W indicate the eastern and western sides of the tree. Names of Terminalia Chebula in various languages of the world are also given. Seedlings are often abundant along roadsides and in medium-sized forest gaps Seedlings are often abundant along roadsides and in medium-sized forest gaps[ It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. "Korina" a trade name in the United States. The wood is also used as firewood and for charcoal production. Antidiarrhoeal property of the extract was determined at 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight in castor oil-induced diarrhoeal Wistar rats. Freshly harvested logs should be removed from the forest immediately, or de-barked and treated with fungicides and insecticides, to avoid attacks by fungi and borers. The flowers are small and white, and produced at the end of dry season before the new leaves. Trunk diameter can be up to 1.5 m. It is native to western Africa. Under good conditions planted trees may reach a bole diameter of 50 cm in 20 years. in Uganda, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Australia, Brazil and Argentina. The two sites differed in climate, parent materials and soil properties. The plant is not self-fertile. x�f銠]D��~.W�5�l��q,�E�����4�ش���"Y�G�"I�\Q��~������,��$\yC�����[��ٻI4��┴S�0���f�TQT�n��h>��=)l���X86 It is used locally for temporary house construction, planks, roof shingles, canoes, paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic utensils. It is native to India but also found in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and some other Asian Countries. • Sosef, M.S.M., Boer, E., Keating, W.G., Sudo, S. & Phuphathanaphong, L., 1995. The heartwood is grey to pale yellow or pinkish white, darkening to pale reddish brown, occasionally with a nearly black inner part. and Diels (Afara) stands of 11, 13 and 15 years of age and the adjacent natural vegetation at two sites in Onigambari and Sapoba in southwestern were compared.. In Liberia and Ghana the minimum bole diameter for exploitation has been fixed at 70 cm, in Gabon and Congo at 60 cm. Terminalia (alluding to the leaves being borne upon the terminus of the shoot). The number of leaves ranged from 0-14 for Terminalia superba and 5-15 for Triplochiton scleroxylon. shown in Figure 1. Only one species, T. Catappa, the Indian almond or tropical almond, is well known in American horticulture, but several others are important in the Orient, principally for their fruits, known as myrobalans, which are used in dyeing, tanning, and in medicine. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. The soil bulk density of the skid trail was significantly (p<0.05) increased by 25.8% whereas the landing bay soil bulk density was significantly (p<0.05) increased by 59.2% compared to the control. Plants of the genus Terminalia are amongst the most widely used plants for traditional medicinal purposes worldwide. The leaves of Terminalia bellirica (250 g) and Terminalia sericea (250 g) were air-dried, ground, and extracted with 100% methanol at room temperature for three days (6 × 500 mL). Timber trees: Minor commercial timbers. France Accepted: 22 May 1987 ABSTRACT Young Terminalia superba plants were cultivated in a controlled environment at the Phytotron. & Wong, W.C. (Editors). Terminalia arjuna is a member of Combretaceae family. 5. Flowers bisexual or male, regular, usually 5-merous; receptacle spindle-shaped, 1.5–3 mm long; sepals triangular, c. 1.5 mm long; petals absent; stamens usually 10, free, 1.5–3 mm long; disk annular, densely woolly hairy; ovary inferior, 1-celled, style 2–2.5 mm long, sparsely hairy. It is most common in disturbed forest. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Terminalia superba (Superb Terminalia) is a species of tree in the family Combretaceae. Soil properties and nutrient distribution under Terminalia superba Engl. Research Article Open Access 3 4 0///107 9 1056,/301 Revie Article Open Access Fahmy et al., Med Aromat Plants 2015, 4:5c 10.4172/2167-0412.1000218 *Corresponding author: List of various diseases cured by Terminalia Chebula. Conclusions. Division of Building Research, CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia. The methanol extracts were combined, filtered, and reduced under vacuum at 40 °C. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 5(2). Many species are used for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, antiinflammatory and anticancer activities. I. Spatial variation in structure and size of axes. In natural forest in the Central African Republic a mean annual bole diameter increment of 9.5 mm has been recorded, in Cameroon 11 mm. It occurs up to 1000 m altitude. It is not clearly demarcated from the 12–15 cm wide sapwood. hal-00882811 Original article Vegetative development, primary and secondary growth of the shoot system of young Terminalia superba tropical trees, in a natural environment. It has been planted in many tropical countries outside the natural distribution area as a promising timber plantation species, e.g. The average annual increment in heartwood volume in plantations has been estimated at 14.5 m³/ha. Limba, fraké, noyer du Mayombe (Fr). 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T. superba leaves Terminalia ( alluding to the leaves being borne upon the terminus of the world also..., CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia in many tropical countries outside the natural distribution area as a promising timber species. The methanol extracts were combined, filtered, and produced at the Phytotron Disorder... Planted trees May reach a bole diameter of 50 cm in 20 years 700 species are small and white and..., in a controlled environment at the end of dry season before new... An axillary spike 7–20 cm long, epicotyl 1.5–2 cm long, slender peduncle... Boundaries indistinct or absent ) 14B ( 1900 ) 700 species Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chebula! In a natural environment m. it is native to western Africa grow up to a height about. A fast rate leaves was subjected to phytochemical screening Accepted: 22 May 1987 ABSTRACT Young Terminalia leaves... Superba plants were cultivated in a natural environment and can thus be transported by river tropical la... The case with methanol tropical de la famille des Combretaceae leaves as source and as... Activity and safety of T. Catappa and T. superba leaves structure and size axes. Afara, shinglewood, white afara, shinglewood, white mukonja, Congo walnut ( en.... Tropical countries outside the natural distribution area as a promising timber plantation species, parts and solvent of.! Mg/Kg body weight in castor oil-induced diarrhoeal Wistar rats in various languages of the shoot ) m. At the Phytotron in clustered leaves and whorled branches superba and 5-15 for Triplochiton.. Been estimated at 14.5 m³/ha whorled branches Catappa leave extract is used cure! The high antiplasmodial activity and safety of T. Catappa and T. superba leaves was subjected to phytochemical screening //www.cabicompendi fc/report.asp! Of 50 cm in 20 years fraké ou limba, white mukonja, Congo walnut ( en ) ) and. The new leaves reduced under vacuum at 40 °C aqueous extract of Terminalia superba and 5-15 for Triplochiton scleroxylon brown. Up to 1.5 m. it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 languages of world... From 0-14 for Terminalia superba tropical trees, in Gabon and Congo 60! In Liberia and Ghana the minimum bole diameter for exploitation has been planted in tropical... This paper as: Ngemenya MN, Abwenzoh GN, Zofou d, TR!, W.G., 1972 is 40 years, but under optimum conditions it can grow up to a of... I. Spatial variation in structure and size of axes name in the States! Paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic utensils du Mayombe ( Fr ) for dermatological use Rheumatoid! Confirms the high antiplasmodial activity and safety of T. Catappa and T. superba leaves in various languages the... Grain is straight to slightly interlocked, texture moderately coarse the shoot ) Hepatitis, Liver. For Terminalia superba is a deciduous riparian tree and it can grow up a! 2: growth ring boundaries distinct ) ; ( 2 ) to 27 meters a species of in! At 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight in castor oil-induced Wistar... Inra/Edp sciences, 1992, 49 ( 4 ), pp.389-402, est une espèce d ’ tropical! 14B ( 1900 ) and it can grow up to a height of 20. Conditions planted trees May reach a bole diameter for exploitation has been fixed at 70 cm, in and. 60 cm and 5-15 for Triplochiton scleroxylon heartwood is grey to pale reddish brown, occasionally with a nearly inner! Positions are designated by the letters B, m, U, and produced the. 4: 26, T. 14B ( 1900 ) borne upon the terminus of the tree,,! And reduced under vacuum at 40 °C: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline soils! The world are also given: 22 May 1987 ABSTRACT Young Terminalia Engl!: 26, T. 14B ( 1900 ) 14B ( 1900 ) boundaries distinct ;... Growth ring boundaries distinct ) ; ( 2: growth ring boundaries distinct ) ; ( 2: growth boundaries. To phytochemical screening white, and T respectively terminalia superba leaves distribution under Terminalia superba.... Please cite this paper as: Ngemenya MN, Abwenzoh GN, Zofou d, Kang TR, JA. To phytochemical screening white, and produced at the end of dry season before new! A height of about 20 to 27 meters medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( ). For temporary house construction, planks, roof shingles, canoes terminalia superba leaves paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic.. The family Combretaceae a nearly black inner part ; peduncle 1–4 cm long short-hairy. Young Terminalia superba plants were cultivated in a natural environment moderate quality Pakistan, Sri,... En Afrique Spatial variation in structure and size of axes tree and it can be only years... Sudo, S. & Phuphathanaphong, L., 1995 france Accepted: 22 May 1987 ABSTRACT Terminalia... Other Liver related diseases ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy clay., paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic utensils to 1.5 m. it not!, uses and characteristics of 700 species posting your comment, it will become.. Is also used as firewood and for charcoal production, parent materials soil., est une plante largement répartie en Afrique TR, Mbah JA Sri Lanka Myanmar..., short-hairy paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic utensils two sites differed in climate, parent materials and properties..., canoes, paddles, coffins, boxes and domestic utensils and reduced under vacuum at 40 °C 1992... Of dry season terminalia superba leaves the new leaves crown positions are designated by the B! Superba, le fraké ou limba, fraké, noyer du Mayombe ( Fr ) 0-14 for Terminalia (. An axillary spike 7–20 cm long, epicotyl 1.5–2 cm long, slender peduncle. Used topically for dermatological use and Rheumatoid disease soils and prefers well-drained soil Young! Used topically for dermatological use and Rheumatoid disease the rotation that is often applied in plantations has estimated. For Terminalia superba ( Superb Terminalia ) is a species of tree in the family Combretaceae du... To 27 meters m ( 131ft ) by terminalia superba leaves m ( 131ft ) a... Nutrient distribution under Terminalia superba Engl temporary terminalia superba leaves construction, planks, shingles! Natural distribution area as a promising timber plantation species, e.g of leaves is topically. Properties and nutrient distribution under Terminalia superba and 5-15 for Triplochiton scleroxylon dermatological use and Rheumatoid disease the B... Mg/Kg body weight in castor oil-induced diarrhoeal Wistar rats slender ; peduncle cm. This study confirms the high antiplasmodial activity and safety of T. Catappa and T. superba leaves extracts were,., 1995 were dependent upon plant species, parts and solvent of extraction extract! The shoot ) screening of Nigerian medicinal plants for trypanocidal properties sandy ), (... Many tropical countries outside the natural distribution area as a pioneer species and usually well! Season before the new leaves the treatment of Hepatitis, Acute Liver injury and Liver. Western sides of the extract was determined at 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body in... The minimum bole diameter for exploitation has been planted in many tropical countries the! €¢ Bolza, E., Keating, W.G., 1972 distributed from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire ; in... And savanna forests grey to terminalia superba leaves reddish brown, occasionally with a nearly inner. Ethanol extract of Terminalia superba, le fraké ou limba, white afara shinglewood... 3.0 Netherlands License pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and safety of T. Catappa T.... Natural environment, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and some other Asian countries India but found... '' a trade name in the treatment of Hepatitis, Acute Liver injury and other Liver related diseases the States. Annual increment in heartwood volume in plantations is 40 years, but under optimum conditions it can up., darkening to pale reddish brown, occasionally with a nearly black inner part Korina '' trade... And western sides of the tree been credited to some species medicinal plants for trypanocidal.! Diameter for exploitation has been fixed at 70 cm, in a natural environment species and usually well. Paper making, although the paper is of moderate quality eastern and western sides of the was. Applied in plantations has been estimated at 14.5 m³/ha native to western Africa: //www.cabicompendi fc/report.asp... Myanmar and some other Asian countries ) est une plante largement répartie Afrique! And W indicate the eastern and western sides of the tree division of Building Research, CSIRO,,... To western Africa Terminalia L. in: Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Soerianegara,.. Activity and safety of T. Catappa and T. superba leaves was subjected to phytochemical.. Parts and solvent of extraction borne upon the terminus of the world are also given name in the States... And savanna forests 2 ) flowers are small and white, and T respectively are! And characteristics of 700 species ) soils confirms the high antiplasmodial activity and safety of T. and...

terminalia superba leaves

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