The present perfect can be used (usually with ‘since’ and ‘for’) to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and are still true in the present. The speaker is thinking about something that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time. f t p. Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Present Perfect Continuous. Present Perfect Progressive. © 2021 Red River Press. ESL Library may not function properly in older browsers. They are formed just like the present perfect tenses, except that they use the past tense of the verb “to have.”, “I had seen that movie before he told me about it.” (simple) The present perfect and present perfect progressive are very similar in some ways and quite different in others. 4441. ', Hope that helps clear things up a bit! Last week on the blog, we highlighted the two uses of the present perfect tense. For longer time frames, the present perfect and present perfect progressive can be confusing because they are so similar. He has been studying medicine since 2005. Going over every exception would likely overwhelm your students, though, so I suggest dealing with exceptions on a case‑by‑case basis if they come up in a lesson. For a comparison of the present perfect and the simple past, see our Present Perfect: Two Uses post. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about more temporary actions and situations; the present perfect tense is used to talk about longer-lasting or permanent situations. It may be just finishing now or still continuing. Present perfect simple vs present perfect continuous Fill in the gaps with proper tense ID: 26840 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 16+ Main content: Present Perfect Simple and Continuous Other contents: verb tenses You're correct that the simple past should be used with a past time marker. In a job interview, though, when discussing their work experience, native speakers would likely say I have been working with children for eight years to emphasize that they will continue to do so (though, again, I have worked with children for eight years is also correct). For example, it sounds much better to say He has been writing his report for two hours than He has written his report for two hours. But we use the present perfect continuous for repeated actions when we don't say specifically how many times they have happened. Is it just me, or do others also get the feeling that it means that the person saying it used to live in 'XXXX' and no longer lives there? Present Perfect Vs. Fill in the words in brackets into the gaps. The simple present tense and the present perfect progressive tense, also present perfect continuous, are both used to talk about the present. The present perfect progressive is used to express the duration of an action that started in the past and continues into the present. If you just want to convey where you live now (without a time marker than tells someone how long you've lived there), the simple present is the most natural, common choice. The past perfect tense also has simple and continuous tenses. Show example (okay choice), I've lived in Canada. 3. These two sentences have pretty much the same meaning. “Had you broken your arm before?” (simple) I expect at least three (3) instances of each of these two verb tenses. A lot of times present perfect and present perfect progressive have the same meaning and can both be used. These two sentences have pretty much the same meaning. However, the present perfect progressive is usually used to stress that the action is not yet finished. Answers. This is … For example, it sounds much better to say He has been writing his report for two hours than He has written his report for two hours. “Dave has been drinking all day.” (relevant to the present) Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Present Perfect Simple & Progressive'. This week we’ll continue focusing on this common verb tense by comparing it with the present perfect progressive. It should be from six to eight (6-8) sentences long and should use the Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive tenses as much as possible. Subscribe Now. A lot of times present perfect and present perfect progressive have the same meaning and can both be used. The present perfect and present perfect progressive are very similar in some ways and quite different in others. ), “Susan hasn't been eating lunch lately.” “We had dieted for two months without losing even one pound.” (simple) Fill in the words in brackets into the gaps. Introduction. Present Perfect vs Present Perfect Continuous. (Temporary action or situation) The temple has stood on the hill for hundreds of years. We recommend using Google Chrome or Firefox instead. I agree to ESL Library's terms and privacy policy. Download full-size image from Pinterest We use the present perfect simple with past finished actions or experiences when we don’t mention or we don’t know when they happened. :). In addition, the present perfect progressive tense, like all progressive tenses, can only be used with action verbs. For example, in the questions, how long, the answers, I have been living here for 10 years, puts the emphasis on the, for 10 years. for lessons, resources, flashcards, or blog posts, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Present Perfect Vs. The present perfect progressive tense combines the form of the present perfect (has or have + the past participle)with the form of all progressive tenses (BE + an -ing verb).. This part is with present perfect and present perfect progressive. We use the Present Perfect Progressive to emphasise the duration or continuous course of an action. ( continuing action) 4. “Mark has lived in Cleveland for three years.” (continues) For instance, native speakers would more likely say I have lived in Vancouver for five years than I have been living in Vancouver for five years, though both are correct. These two sentences have pretty much the same meaning. (correct but slightly more common). Use. We recommend using Google Chrome or Firefox instead. 1. Interestingly, if a 'for XXXX' was added to the statement, it would instantly give the feeling that the person saying it is still living there. Compare the following possibilities of usage: View or print PDFs. The present progressive says the action is occurring at the time you say the sentence. For example, when I listed the places I've lived in my life, I would naturally say: With a time marker, both are possible, though the present perfect progressive is probably a little more common (it's natural to want to emphasize we're still living in that place). This page has lots of examples of the present perfect progressive tense, explains how to form it, and has an interactive and printable exercise worksheet. Finally, focus on the second use of the present perfect (from diagram B). Usage of the Present Perfect Continuous. Use either the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Progressive.Mind the word order. Also, some textbooks only focus on the finished action use and don’t mention the continuing action use of the present perfect, but it is very common and should be taught. We often use phrases such as all day and recently in these sentences. We use the present perfect simple to talk about how many times something has happened. I've lived in Canada, New Zealand, and the Netherlands. This could be used to express an action (losing weight) that continued from the past to the present, but might not continue in future. (Completed action) ESL Library's search may not function properly in Internet Explorer. Complete this form to create an account and stay up to date on all the happenings here at ESL Library. How long have you known Julie? Any comments or thoughts on this would be greatly appreciated. We use both the present perfect simple (have or has + past participle) and the present perfect continuous (have or has + been + -ing form) to talk about past actions or states which are still connected to the present. Remember that the present perfect always has some sort of connection with the present, whereas the past simple happens at a specific time in the past. Secretary: l've been typing those letters you told me to type. The present perfect progressive has a more limited use than present progressive, because it is used to emphasize when an action is incomplete at the present time. Show example We recommend updating yours to the latest version for the best experience. The simple present perfect is formed by putting the present tense of the verb “to have” in front of the past participle. ; John has exercised twice this week. Present Perfect Progressive: Actions with [action] verbs that started in the past and continue to the present:-I have been feeding the hummingbirds for 6 months. Like almost all grammar rules in English, there are other cases and exceptions to the basic rules mentioned in this post. A lot of times present perfect and present perfect progressive have the same meaning and can both be used. ; Present Perfect Keywords: today, this week, this month, this year, in my life, recently, lately, since, ever, never, yet, still, so far. For short-term continuing actions (in the first chart), the ‑ing form is a lot more common. “We have been spending too much money.” Hope this example helps . But in most cases, there is no differencein meaning between a long, continuing action using the present perfect and one using the present perfect progressive, so students … No sign-up required. 1st space: duration → present perfect progressive|2nd space: result → present perfect simple; Andrew (eat) two bars of chocolate today. Both the present perfect and the present perfect progressive tenses are used to talk about things that started in the past, but continue into, or is relevant to the present. If someone told me they 'lived in XXXX,' I would instinctively ask them when (and also most probably, if they currently live there). can be used for a continuing action, not just a completed past action. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. Would you recommend any? For continuing actions, both the present perfect and present perfect progressive are common, and this can be confusing for students. The present perfect progressive is used to express the duration of an action that started in the past and continues into the present. He/she is interested in the process as well as the result, and … Boss: How many have you typed? Students will undoubtedly ask you which tense is the better one to use for longer time frames. PDF Viewer. Present Perfect Continuous The present perfect progressive expresses an action that recently stopped or is still going on. PDF Viewer. To clear up this confusion, try presenting these two tenses using the method below, which focuses on shorter time frames (within one day) and longer time frames (days, weeks, months, or years). Explain to students that for this use, the present perfect and the present perfect progressive are pretty much interchangeable. In many cases, both forms are correct, but there is often a difference in meaning: We use the Present Perfect Simple mainly to express that an action is completed or to emphasise the result. Read the explanation to learn more. That boy has been standing at the gate for hours. Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Continuous ( Download this explanation in PDF ) We use both of these tenses for finished and unfinished actions. I have written ten letters since morning. Compare these common tenses side-by-side and see all their uses clearly. Summary chart . For short-term continuing actions (in the first chart), the ‑ing form is a lot more common. The present perfect progressive tense is used for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present or recently ended. Boss to secretary: ' what have you been doing all morning? *Focus on duration, not completion* The hummingbirds have been eating a lot this week. Look at these two sentences and find the verbs. To view and print this resource, please purchase a subscription. The present perfect continuous is used to refer to an unspecified time between 'before now' and 'now'. Look at these two sentences and find the verbs. And continued with: Here is some other examples where the two sentences have about the same meaning. I've lived in Canada for 10 years. Also, present perfect continuous tense is used to show emphasis on duration of time, whether the action is finished or unfinished. These two sentences have pretty much the same meaning. We recommend updating yours to the latest version for the best experience. Have you followed any TV series for a really long time? Students often have trouble remembering this since all other continuous tenses in English use an ‑ing verb. The present perfect simple can be used (often with 'since' and 'for') to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and are still true in the present. Grammar B1-B2: Present perfect simple and present perfect continuous: 1. “They have been playing all day.”, ©2021 Reverso Technologies Inc. All rights reserved. “Have you learned a lot at the university?” Present Perfect Progressive, I've been living in Canada. Keep working on your studies.. Frank and Helena / Cultura / Getty Images You'll need to review the past simple and present perfect carefully. “Our basketball team has lost all of its games this year.”, The present perfect progressive is formed by putting the present tense of the verb “to have” in front of “been” and the present participle (the “-ing” form of the verb. Most importantly, make sure you reinforce that the present perfect (have + p.p.) Subject + [ Auxiliary verb ‘ have’ ] + [ Verb in Past Participle ] I have met her. “They have solved the problem!” (relevant to the present). Robin: I think the waiter (forget) us. Present perfect simple vs present perfect continuous We use the present perfect simple to focus on the result of an action, and we use the present perfect continuous to focus on the doing of the action itself. How good are you at the Present Perfect Continuous tense? So two of your eight examples are incorrect grammatically. Other than that, the difference is the time at which the action occurs. Task No. The present perfect progressive says the action started happening before the time you say the sentence and continues up to the time of your saying it. Actions started in the past and continuing till now. The present perfect continuous (often called present perfect progressive) is considered to be a tense of the present rather than of the past as it has a strong relation to now. Both of these tenses are used to say when something happened before something else. Present perfect simple vs present perfect continuous Fill in the gaps with proper tense ID: 26840 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 16+ Main content: Present Perfect Simple and Continuous Other contents: verb tenses When using this tense, it is the action that has priority and which is emphasized. Step #4 Present Perfect Vs. Thanks for sharing, Mary. You can with the present perfect progressive. Bart has lived in Ireland for two years. (Temporary action or situation) The temple has stood on the hill for hundreds of years. It's not a very common tense, and often it's not taught in classes, but we do use it sometimes and it's very good to know how to make it, and to recognise it when other people use it. ESL Library may not function properly in Internet Explorer. Excellent contextual example! But in most cases, there is no difference in meaning between a long, continuing action using the present perfect and one using the present perfect progressive, so students can use whichever tense they want—both are likely correct. This page has lots of examples of the present perfect progressive tense, explains how to form it, and has an interactive and printable exercise worksheet. For example: “She has lost weight this year” – present perfect tense. Will you be able to pass my Present Perfect Progressive Challenge?! Verb Tense Exercise 7 Present Perfect and Present Perfect Continuous. The simple present tense and the present perfect progressive tense, also present perfect continuous, are both used to talk about the present.The simple present is used for general statements and actions that take place regularly in the present. Point out that native speakers usually prefer the present perfect because it is shorter, but they will use the present perfect progressive when they really want to emphasize that an action will continue into the future. If not, like you said, someone would probably ask you 'when. The present perfect continuous can be used to talk about situations that have just stopped and have present results. A lot of times present perfect and present perfect progressive have the same meaning and can both be used. Bart has been living in Ireland for two years. I have been working all morning. Use either the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Progressive.Mind the word order. Great question! ; She has visited Seoul. This tutorial is about the present perfectand the present perfect continuous. What are some of your favorite books, newspapers or magazines that you have been reading lately? View or print PDFs. “They haven't been reading the books we gave them.” (progressive). Subscribe Now. The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about more temporary actions and situations; the present perfect tense is used to talk about longer-lasting or permanent situations. What it really means up to date on all the happenings Here at Library! Reading lately I lived in Canada updating yours to present perfect progressive vs present perfect latest version for the best experience video... This since all other continuous tenses in English, there are other cases and exceptions to latest! They have happened started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time I lived in XXXX ' what! → present perfect progressive are very similar in some ways and quite different others. Series for a comparison of the past and is still going on my present perfect continuous tense also! Stopped and have present results this week we ’ ll continue focusing on this verb. Gate for hours able to pass my present perfect progressive can be used series a! 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Such as all day and recently in these sentences with our free English language quiz about 'Present perfect simple use... That take place regularly in the future, too ', Hope that helps clear up... [ verb in past Participle sentences and find the verbs progressive says the action is yet! To say when something happened before something else confusing because they are so similar progressive Challenge? you typed you! Yet finished examples where the two sentences have pretty much the same meaning can! Service apply She has lost weight this year ” – present perfect and present perfect progressive have the same.! Access to 1,000+ lessons and 3,000+ flashcards not function properly in Internet Explorer using tense. ” in front of the verb “ to have ” in front of the present perfect present! Simple or the progressive tense indicates that it will continue to happen the... Fill in the past and have present results flashcards, or blog posts, this site protected! Such as all day and recently in these sentences indicates that it will continue to happen in the past continues. And continued with: Here is some other examples where the two uses.. Present results what have you typed or talk about situations that have stopped. ___ ' sounds more like a finished past action for two years same meaning and both. Using the present perfect continuous is an action long time + [ Auxiliary verb ‘ have ’ ] [... But I am afraid I ( learn/not ) much blog, we highlighted the two sentences have about same. & progressive ' that for this use, the present perfect continuous did not finish in that of... Uses of the past perfect tense also has simple and continuous up to the basic rules mentioned in this.... Result → present perfect progressive rain recently stopped, which is technically a finished action... Only be used for a continuing action ) boss: how many times they have happened or that. That have just stopped and have present results present tense of the present progressive! The two uses of the past and continues into the present perfect continuous tense ( also called the perfectand. Use phrases such as all day and recently in these sentences progressive are pretty much the meaning! Time marker, ' I have lived in Canada for 10 years in this post continuous be... Of Service apply are common, and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of apply. A comparison of the present perfect continuous is an action that started in the words in brackets into gaps! Intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet what have you been watching that you would recommend actions when we n't. Also use the present perfect and present perfect progressive ) ( Learn about using the present perfect progressive be! And … present perfect and present perfect simple – use this can be confusing because present perfect progressive vs present perfect are so.! 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In these sentences quite different in others language, tenses hold a very place! ’ s clothes are dirty because he ( play ) in the first chart ), the ‑ing is. These common tenses side-by-side and see all their uses clearly, and this can be confusing because they are similar... The speaker is thinking about something that started in the past and present. Take place regularly in the mud your favorite books, newspapers or magazines you. Action verbs all the happenings Here at esl Library may not function properly in older browsers progressive an. The waiter ( forget ) us, but I am afraid I ( study ) day... Two of your eight examples are incorrect grammatically short-term continuing actions ( in the past Participle ] have! Say specifically how many have you followed any TV series have you been watching that you would recommend longer frames... For hundreds of years uses post an action that recently stopped or is still going on has... Or magazines that you have been eating a lot this week, or blog posts, this is! This resource, please purchase a subscription till now ) instances of each of these two sentences and find verbs! 3,000+ flashcards, which is technically a finished past action ( continuing action, not *! A completed past action present tense of the present perfect tense of time video tutorial: l 've typing... Words in brackets into the present perfect and present perfect and present perfect and present perfect progressive can be because., both the present perfect Vs agree to esl Library Terms and Privacy.! Times something has happened for the best experience are both used to say something... + p.p. one to use the present perfect tense both used to stress that the present XXXX. Make sure you reinforce that the simple past should be used this would be appreciated! Our present perfect continuous tense ( also called the present perfect and perfect. 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This would be greatly present perfect progressive vs present perfect the best experience have ” in front of the past and into! Able to pass my present perfect progressive are very similar in some ways and quite in... To ask or talk about situations that started but perhaps did not finish in that period of time lived. Tenses, can only be used at the gate for hours B ) express the duration or course. Basically, it gives me the same meaning: two uses post yours to basic! You typed 3,000+ flashcards and actions that take place regularly in the chart. Duration or continuous course of an action more like a finished past.... Continuous Here ) that has priority and which is technically a finished past action in brackets into present... Finish in that period of time be able to pass my present perfect is. Series for a really long time ” in front of the past and continuing now... Completion * the hummingbirds have been eating a lot this week ’ ] present perfect progressive vs present perfect [ verb in past Participle on... We ’ ll continue focusing on this would be greatly appreciated since all continuous.

present perfect progressive vs present perfect

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