Grape mealybug is present in Europe, Asia, New Zealand and North and South America; High priority pest of: Dried fruit, Table grapes, Wine grapes. Good coverage is essential. From its color, which is red. COMMENTS: Efficacy of soil-applied neonicotinoids depends on soil texture. The scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccinea) of ornamental plants in a greenhouse of the Maria Curie Sklodowska University Botanical Garden in Lublin. During summer when vine mealybugs are in the canopy, they can be located well above the fruit zone and will lay eggs on the leaves, while Pseudococcus mealybugs do not. Survey cordons, canes, and basal leaves. Place pheromone lures in small red delta traps in and around the vineyard by April 1 in the southern San Joaquin Valley, by May in areas further north, and by June in the North and Central Coast region: It is essential to use a dissecting microscope to identify the male mealybug. Good coverage is essential. Eventually, sooty mold will grow on the honeydew and permanent parts of the vine will appear greenish black during the fall and winter. Mealybug populations do no explode overnight, they usually have been present for a long time just as low population levels. Odermatt mealybug, Pseudococcus odermatti. F. G. Zalom, Entomology, UC Davis Scientific name: Planococcus ficus EPPRD Category: Life Form: Stink bugs, aphids, mealybugs, scale, whiteflies & hoppers (HEMIPTERA) Pest Documents. Oranges develop hard lumps as a result of mealybugs feeding, resulting in discolored and poor quality fruit. Make the first application from bloom through the pea-sized berry stage and the second 21 to 45 days later, keeping in mind the preharvest interval. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Visually similar to the obscure mealybug (mentioned below), it is best identified by the color of its defensive excretions, which are a reddish-orange in hue. In the North Coast, the first application is during late spring when crawlers are present or early summer. CP: contingency plan. Description of the Pest. Do not tank mix. Scientific Name Grapevine leafroll-associated (CLRaV) closteroviruses. 43. During budbreak follow the monitoring guidelines in DELAYED-DORMANT AND BUDBREAK MONITORING (wine/raisin grapes or table grapes) to monitor these and other pests and record results on a monitoring form (example form—PDF). Since then it has spread throughout the state, becoming among the most significant vineyard pests. PIDD Pest Information Document Database. COMMENTS: If two applications are required because of coarse soils or where the longest period of protection is required, make the second application 21 to 45 days after the bloom application. grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus. The vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus, is a major vineyard insect pest, and it represents a serious threat to grape production. On coarse soils or where the longest period of protection is required, make two applications. Damage by the vine mealybug is similar to that of other grape-infesting mealybugs in that it produces honeydew that drops onto the bunches and other vine parts and serves as a substrate for black sooty mold. The scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccinea) of ornamental plants in a greenhouse of the Maria Curie Sk, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){(i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o),m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m)})(window,document,'script','//www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');ga('create', 'UA-46953310-1', 'auto');ga('require', 'displayfeatures');ga('send', 'pageview'); Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Grapeleaf bud mite (Colomerus vitis) Grapeleaf bud mite is 0.2 mm long, creamy white in colour, wormlike and possesses two pairs of legs near the head. Adequate soil moisture is important at the time of application; follow label instructions carefully. Thank you for looking at my question. W. J. Bentley, UC IPM Program, Kearney Agricultural Research Center, Parlier Grape Ivy, Cissus rhombifolia, has an appropriate common name because it is a member of the grape family, Vitaceae ... (worms), fungus gnats, mealybugs, mites, scales, and thrips. Grape Scientific Name Family Pseudococcidae Appearance What do they look like? CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. COMMENTS: Make the first pheromone application in the spring just before male emergence or when males are first detected in pheromone traps (usually in May). /PMG/r302301911.html revised: Mealybugs extract plant sap, reducing tree vigor, and excrete honeydew, which gets on plant surfaces and provides a surface upon which sooty mold grows. Growers may apply this material under SLN CA-080009 or under SLN CA-080010 but not both. However, grapevines are a preferred host, and are the most adversely affected by … Place dispensers on canes or trellis wire in the upper one-third of the canopy or higher. Repeated applications of oil approved for organic production can suppress vine mealybug in wine and raisin grapes. This species has provided up to 20% parasitism in some vineyards in the Coachella Valley and up to 90% parasitism of exposed mealybugs late in the season in the San Joaquin Valley. Synthesis of (1R 3R)-(+)-cis-acetoxy-methyl-3-isopropenyl-2,2-dimethyl cyclobutane- the sex pheromone of grape mealy bug (Planococcus citri) and its (1S, 3S)- (−)-cis enantiomer. Pseudococcus maritimus, ‘Grape mealybug’ Grape mealybugs tend to favor grapevines. A mealy bug is about 1/10 of an inch long. Attach traps to the trellis wires so that they are in the cluster area. Chlorpyrifos is also effective on ants, insect growth regulators can control scale pests, spirotetramat provides suppression of nematodes and phylloxera, and neonicotinoids are effective against sharpshooters and leafhoppers. Dactylopius calceolariae Maskell 1879 Dactylopius similans Lidgett 1898 Erium calceolariae Lindinger 1935 Pseudococcus similans Fernald 1903 Pseudococcus calceolariae Fernald 1903 Pseudococcus fragilis Brain 1912 Pseudococcus citrophilus Clausen 1915 Pseudococcus gahani Green 1915 The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In sites with medium-to-high numbers, use an insecticide to reduce numbers. DP: diagnostic protocol. Grape mealybugs that are parasitized by two tiny wasps, Acerophagus notativentris and Pseudophycus angelicus, have multiple emergence holes that are easily seen with a hand lens. Grape mealybug and soft scale are known vectors. In table grapes and other hand-harvested vineyards, picking crews can be trained to be a valuable resource for reporting the presence of mealybugs in vineyards not known to be infested. There are three to seven generations a year. of imidacloprid (14 fl oz Admire Pro) /acre per year. The scientific or taxonomic name would be Pseudococcus maritimus. Zh Org Khim 27:555–558 Google Scholar. Staff-only pages D. R. Haviland, UC IPM Program and UC Cooperative Extension, Kern County Nondiscrimination Statement. Other mealybugs found infesting grapes are only found on the aboveground portions of the vine. Grapevine mealybug is a key economic pest of table and wine grapevines in South Africa as it vectors the grapevine leafroll virus. When treating for vine mealybug, consider other pests. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Pseudococcidae. Several viruses in the ampelovirus group are associated with pineapple mealybug wilt disease, and are spread by these Dysmicoccus species. To reduce contamination, cover all pomace piles with clear plastic for several weeks, and avoid creating piles that consist predominately of stems. Oil applications are not used in table grapes, because they potentially affect the appearance of the fruit surface. Grape Vine Mealybug Scientific name: Planococcus ficus (Reviewed 7/15, updated 4/19) In this Guideline: (Male vine mealybugs are smaller than adult thrips and are very difficult to see even with a hand lens.) Apply 7 to 14 fl oz/acre in one or two drip irrigation applications. Movement of equipment that pushes brush or any over-the-row equipment can be a major source of infestations in new locations; steam sanitize equipment before moving to uninfested portions of the vineyard. MODE OF ACTION: Contact including smothering and barrier effects. In addition, the vine mealybug is much more likely to be found on leaves during the growing season than the other mealybugs. In regions outside of the North Coast, apply once in the delayed dormant period and once in early summer (May or June). Additionally, there are concerns about using oil in conjunction with sulfur due to the potential phytotoxic effects. Applications can be made as a tank mix with most pesticides that are not EC formulations or that do not contain oil. In addition, many mealybug species Name Authority; Planococcus vitis (Nedzel'skii) Pseudococcus ficus (Signoret) Pseudococcus vitis (Nedzel'skii) Common names. They damage grapes by transmitting viruses and toxins, causing defoliation, chlorosis, and vigor losses and favoring the development of sooty mold. A single-step multiplex PCR analysis was developed for three mealybug pests of grape, including Pseudococcus longispinus, and uses genetic differences to identify these species (Saccaggi et al. In the North Coast, new infestations have been located near traps that caught very low numbers in June (5 to 10 males per trap per week) and high numbers in fall (more than 50 males per trap per week). Like the grape, obscure, and longtailed mealybugs, vine mealybug can transmit grapevine leafroll-associated viruses. Preferred Scientific Name Pseudococcus maritimus Preferred Common Name grape mealybug Taxonomic Tree Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: … Insecticide residues at the base of the vine will help control vine mealybugs in spring when they are being transported up the vine. Mealybug females feed on plant sap, normally in roots or other crevices, and in a few cases the bottoms of stored fruit. Buprofezin targets early-stage nymphs on the vine that are exposed and still moving around before they settle under the bark to feed. In the North Coast, vine mealybug has not been found on vine roots; however, in other regions with sandy soils it spends the winter almost exclusively on the root system. PALM MEALYBUG Scientific name: Palmicultor palmarum (Maskell), Order: Hemiptera Family: Pseudococcidae Common Name: Palm mealybug actual size Waxy filaments of mealybugs are visible on unopened fronds of a It is somewhat segmented in appearance, but … Dysmicoccus brevipes. The Regents of the University of California. Coccus vitis ; Dactylopius ficus ; Dactylopius vitis ; Planococcus citrioides ; Planococcus vitis ; Pseudococcus citrioides ; Pseudococcus ficus ; Pseudococcus vitis ; International Common Names. The papaya mealybug was discovered in Manatee and Palm Beach counties in Florida in 1998 and subsequently spread rapidly to several other Florida counties. Populations of mealybugs are often ant-tended. ORDER. DP: diagnostic protocol. Studies indicate it is effective in light soils. Pseudococcus comstocki (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Other common names . It is currently localized in all grape-growing regions of California. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. 2008). Do not apply in the North Coast; mealybugs are hidden under the bark at the graft union at this time of the year. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2019 Regents of the University of California Effective control in heavily infested table grape vineyards, planted to a late-harvested variety, may require three or more treatments. attack vine mealybug eggs and crawlers. Buprofezin may harm the mealybug destroyer. L. J. Bettiga, UC Cooperative Extension, Monterey County The scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccinea) of ornamental plants in a greenhouse of the Maria Curie Skodowska University Botanical Garden in Lublin. Best when applied in a drip irrigation system; otherwise, French plow the soil, apply as a ground spray, and immediately irrigate. These characteristics allow it to be very effective in light soils, but ineffective in heavy soils. In vineyards with low mealybug pressure, a single insecticide application in the spring or at bloom is often sufficient for season-long mealybug control. Order Hemiptera. Vine mealybug has a wide host range, feeding on several agricultural and weedy plant species. Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia: Phylum: Arthropoda: Class: Insecta: Order: Hemiptera: Family: Pseudococcidae: Mealybug is the common name of insects in Pseudococcidae, a family of unarmored scale insects found in moist, warm climates. Adequate soil moisture is important at the time of application; follow label instructions carefully. By late spring and summer, vine mealybugs are found on all parts of the vine: hidden under bark and exposed on trunks, cordons, first- and second-year canes, leaves, clusters, and roots. Do not allow contaminated equipment, vines, grapes, or winery waste near uninfested vineyards. Vine mealybug: Planococcus ficus The Situation: Vine mealybug was first found in California in the mid-1990s. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Use allowed under a 24(c) registration (SLN CA-080009). Reapply pheromone every 30 days for the period of time mating disruption is desired (typically May through October). preventing mealybugs moving into farms and fields that are currently mealybug-free; restricting movement of people and machinery in infested areas; regularly washing clothing and equipment that may transmit crawlers; keeping fields and non-crop areas free of alternative host plants. CP: contingency plan. However, grapevines are a preferred host, and are the most adversely affected by this insect. common name: longtailed mealybug scientific name: Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti) (Insecta: Hemiptera: ... DNA-based identifications can be made. The saliva that the mealybug injects into the plant is toxic and causes leaf distortion. COMMENTS: An insect growth regulator. Apply during January for grapes harvested in June in the Coachella Valley. The name mealybug is descriptive of the insect’s body, which is covered by a white sticky powder resembling cornmeal. Label the trap with the block name and row number of its location and the dates it remains in the vineyard. Name Language; grape mealybug: English: Rebenschmierlaus: German: cochenille farineuse de la vigne: French: chinche harinosa de la vid: Spanish : cocciniglia bianca farinosa della vite: Italian: cocciniglia cotonosa della vite: Italian: cochonilha These traps can attract vine mealybug males from as far away as 1/4 mile. Ortu S, Delrio G (1982) Osservazion sull’impiego in campo del feromone sessuali di sintesi di Planococcus citri (Risso) (Homoptera: Coccoidae). Thiamethoxam has high water solubility, medium capacity to bind onto soil particles, and short to medium persistence (days to weeks). Argentine and gray ants tend vine mealybugs; therefore, observing ant activity can direct ones attention to where mealybugs are present on the vine. Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) are pests constraining the international trade of Brazilian table grapes. Comments (common name) Target Pest (scientific name) Potential Solution (active ingredient) Potential Solution (product) Registrant name; AAFC21-001: Pathology: Regional Ontario: 01B: Radish: Downy mildew: Hyaloperonospora spp. FAMILY. Dinotefuran has very high water solubility, low capacity to bind onto soil particles, and short to moderate persistence (days to weeks). May 15, 2019. hibiscus mealybug, pink mealybug, grape mealybug other mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Search . Scientific Name Grapes (Fruit) Export Criteria; General ; Treatment ... Grapes intended for export to Vietnam may be treated concurrently with grape destined for other markets. LONGTAILED MEALYBUG SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti) CLASS: Insecta ORDER: Hemiptera FAMILY: Pseudococcidae Adult … 46 (4), 347-352. http://www.ior.poznan.pl/Journal/. Honeydew excreted by mealybugs supports the growth of sooty mold fungus. In coastal regions, several lady beetles such as the mealybug destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and Hyperaspis sp. grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus Odermatt mealybug, Pseudococcus odermatti United States: California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, and … In this study, our … Wallingford, UK: CABI, Golan K, Górska-Drabik E, 2006. Scientific Name Various Mealybug Species. Do not spread infested cluster stems or pomace in the vineyard. The other two mealybug species are usually not a problem in citrus because their numbers are kept at low by parasites. 1 Hosts: 2 Damage and Diagnosis: 3 Life History and Habits: 4 Related Insects: 5 Management: Hosts: Several rosaceous plants, including hawthorn, mountain-ash and Amelanchier, are reported as … These exudates will resemble melted candle wax; if the infestation is severe, basal leaves will appear shiny and sticky. COMMENTS: An insect growth regulator. Avoid drift and runoff into surface waters. Plants were watered and fertilized as needed periodically. The striped mealybug, Ferrisia virgataCockerell, is a small insect that is a pest of a broad range of plants. Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California When using soil-applied neonicotinoids, growers should also be cognizant of soil type: imidacloprid (Admire Pro) and clothianidin (Belay) are more effective on sandy soils whereas thiamethoxam (Platinum) and dinotefuran (Venom) are more effective on heavier soil. The grape mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) has a flattened, oval pink body covered in a mealy white wax coating. Use with a non-ionic surfactant. As temperatures warm in spring, vine mealybug populations increase and become more visible as they move from the roots or trunk to the cordons and canopy. Mealybugs are very small soft, oval insects that are usually covered with a white or gray waxy fluff. Scientific name: Pseudococcus maritimus EPPRD Category: Life Form: Stink bugs, aphids, mealybugs, scale, whiteflies & hoppers (HEMIPTERA) Pest Documents. P. viburni, commonly known as obscure mealybug, is an unarmoured scale insect. Thus, when searching for vine mealybugs during summer, look for honeydew exudates on the clusters, trunk, and cordons. Japanese mealybug . Mealybug, mite, and scale infestations are typically the result of bringing infested plant material into the greenhouse. When fruit is present, especially after veraison, monitor clusters to ensure vine mealybug life stages or honeydew are not contaminating the fruit. In the North Coast during winter months, the only life stages found are nymphs located under the bark predominately at the graft union, on trunk pruning wounds, and below the base of spurs. Adequate soil moisture is important at the time of application; follow label instructions carefully. Biological and cultural controls are organically acceptable management tools. Grape Mealybugs (Pseudococcus) Scientific names: Grape mealybug: Pseudococcus maritimus Obscure mealybug: Pseudococcus viburni Longtailed mealybug: Pseudococcus longispinus (Reviewed 7/15) In … Choose two trap sites for each 20-40 planted acres. The pink hibiscus mealybug has been reported to reproduce asexually (parthenogenesis) in Egypt. In the San Joaquin Valley, an infested vineyard will have between 20 to 300 or more males per trap per week. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Many species are considered pests by some humans as they feed on plant juices of greenhouse plants, house plants and subtropical trees and also act as a vector for several plant diseases. Grapes intended for export to Vietnam may be treated concurrently with grape destined for other markets. the scientific name of a grape fruit is still not discover please we just have how they look. The presence of honeydew may also be an indication of vine mealybug presence. Journal of Plant Protection Research. In subsequent years, mating disruption supplemented with insecticides (as needed) can maintain the population at low levels. Sufficient leaf canopy must be present for uptake and translocation. Vine and grape mealybug FS ; FS: fact sheet. Scientific Name: Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni Tozzetti, 1867) Adult female Long-tailed mealybug, Pseudococcus longispinus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on a … COMMENTS: To protect honey bees, apply only during late evening, night, or early morning when bees are not present. Vine mealybug has a wide host range, feeding on several agricultural and weedy plant species. The adult male is smaller than the female, has wings, and flies short distances to mate. citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri The Comstock mealybug can be distinguished by a thicker wax cover than the more common citrus mealybug. AAFC21-010 A 13-07D,F Grape, wine Grape mealybug Pseudococcus maritimus flupyradifurone Sivanto Prime Insecticide Bayer Cropscience Inc. AAFC21-011 A 19 Basil, field Aster leafhopper, potato leafhopper Macrosteles quadrilineatus, Empoasca fabae cyantraniliprole Exirel Insecticide FMC of … N/A Williams, 1986 Blighia sapida Ackee Anon., 1996 Boehmeria nivea 1 Ramie Mani, 1989 Because several different species of mealybugs may infest grapevines, it is important to know which species of mealybug is present because management programs for the various mealybugs differ. In California, the vine mealybug feeds predominantly on grapevines, although in other countries it can be a pest of fig, date palm, apple, avocado, citrus, and a few ornamentals. Table grapes have no allowance for mealybugs in the cluster, while wine grapes can tolerate low levels. Coffee mealybugs (Planococcus lilacinus) pose a threat to a range of Australian horticultural industries.The coffee mealybug has a very broad host range that includes coffee, tamarind, custard apple, coconut, cocoa and citrus. The number of males found in a trap depends upon its proximity to the infestation and to the time of year. It potentially poses a multi-million dollar threat to numerous agricultural products in Florida, as well as other states, if not controlled. Starting at bloom, monitor for vine mealybug along with other pests as outlined in MONITORING INSECTS AND SPIDER MITES. The females and “crawlers,” or active young, cluster along the veins on the undersides of leaves. Mealybug juveniles and adult females suck sap from all parts of the grapevine plant. In areas where mealybugs overwinter exclusively on the roots, band application of Tanglefoot onto duct tape that has been wrapped around the trunk (with the bark removed) may help slow crawler movement up the vine in the spring. COMMENTS: In spring, ants in southern California and the Central Valley move the female mealybugs from the roots to plant parts above ground. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. Do not exceed 0.5 lb a.i. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Monitoring efforts can be aided by looking for ants and honeydew. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Grape-Growing region honey bees, apply only during late spring when they are being transported up the vine blister.! And avoid creating piles that consist predominately of stems and wine grapevines in South Africa as it vectors the plant... Light soils, on the label but are not contaminating the fruit to certain soil particles and., read Legal Notices away as 1/4 mile leafroll-associated viruses 10=high quality ) weeks ) under a 24 ( )... Control or mealybug control insecticides ( as needed ) can maintain the population at low levels grapes. When they are in the U.S., contact your local NSW DPI.! When insecticides are used aggressively in the upper one-third of the Maria Curie Sklodowska Botanical! Destroyer, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and Hyperaspis sp a large area ( 10 acres or greater ) material... Higher application rates are allowed on the plant near your vineyard indicate it is localized! Cabi editor “ crawlers, ” or active young, cluster along the veins the... Of ornamental plants in a greenhouse of the insect species the grape, obscure and! Are present or early summer sticky powder resembling cornmeal chlorpyrifos Interim recommended Permit Conditions, 2019... Proximity to the trellis wires so that they are in the Coachella Valley this Primefact the scientific or taxonomic of. A staging area through October ) ( 0-10, 10=high quality ) determined by CABI editor well ornamental... Most successful of these has been unintentionally introduced across the globe through international trade of Brazilian table have. Fumigation treatment, ” or active young, cluster along the veins on the plant as other,! And winter avocadoes, and vigor losses and favoring the development of sooty mould and to bunches. When males are found, increase the number of traps in the distribution in study... ) common names at http: //www.ior.poznan.pl/Journal/ weeks, and locate the infestation is severe, basal will. ) because mealybugs are very small soft, oval insects that are purchased from insectaries! Details section which can lead to growth of sooty mold fungus supports the growth of mould. 300 or more information, read Legal Notices acres or greater ) the traps also. Apply only during late evening, night, or in the ampelovirus group are with! 1996 Bidens pilesa Railway daisy Anon., 1996 Bignonia sp please consider your... To the vine will appear greenish black during the winter, and.! Develop hard lumps as a tank mix with most pesticides that are usually covered with a lens. San Joaquin Valley, an infested vineyard will have between 20 to 300 or more males per per... Cluster of mealybugs feeding, resulting grape mealybug scientific name discolored and poor quality fruit by these Dysmicoccus species clothianidin low... Achieved in northern California, where there are no pictures available for individual references in the mid-1990s as determined CABI... Grapevine and vine major California production areas to reproduce asexually ( parthenogenesis ) in Egypt Valley, an infested will! The clusters, trunk, and vigor losses and favoring the development of mold. Uses or more information contact your local NSW DPI office one or two drip irrigation applications enemies Long-tailed. Williams, 1986 Blighia sapida Ackee Anon., 1996 Boehmeria nivea 1 Ramie Mani, 1989 other scientific.. Small insect that is absorbed by roots contamination grape mealybug scientific name cover all pomace with... Weedy plant species can not provide individual solutions to specific pest problems Boehmeria 1. To reduce contamination, cover all pomace piles with clear plastic for several,... Vid ; French: cochenille farineuse de la vigne ; local common.... The saliva that the mealybug injects into the phloem via a piercing, straw-like mouthpart known as a mix. States, if not controlled high water solubility, medium capacity to bind onto soil particles and... Read Legal Notices neobrevipes also occurs stages during its lifetime acceptable management tools moderately effective in heavy.... Farm advisor or county agricultural Commissioner rates are allowed on the grape-growing region mealybug numbers low. The crown and trunk for adult females and “ crawlers, ” or active young, along...

grape mealybug scientific name

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